Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Inhabits quiet weedy bottoms.
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Distribution

Range Description

This is a coastal species found in Kenya, Tanzania including Zanzibar, to Inhaca Island, Mozambique and extends south to Aliwal Shoal in South Africa. It is also found in Madagascar, Mauritius and Seychelles.
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Western Indian Ocean: East Africa (Tanzania to Mozambique) east to Seychelles and Mauritius (Mascarenes).
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Western Indian Ocean: Zanzibar, Tanzania to Inhaca Island, Mozambique; extends south to Aliwal Shoal in South Africa (Ref. 11228).
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Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal spines (total): 10; Dorsal soft rays (total): 10; Analspines: 3; Analsoft rays: 9
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Size

Maximum size: 150 mm TL
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Max. size

15.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 4392))
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
This species is a small highly secretive wrasses. It is associated with sheltered shallow reef and shore environments dominated by macroscopic algae (Kuiter 2002). It is a small species up to 15 cm (TL).

Systems
  • Marine
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Environment

demersal; marine
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Depth range based on 4 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 1 sample.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 2 - 45
  Temperature range (°C): 27.348 - 27.348
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.052 - 0.052
  Salinity (PPS): 34.999 - 34.999
  Oxygen (ml/l): 4.660 - 4.660
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.170 - 0.170
  Silicate (umol/l): 3.304 - 3.304

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 2 - 45
 
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
LC
Least Concern

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2010

Assessor/s
Choat, J.H.

Reviewer/s
Sadovy, Y. & Carpenter, K.E.

Contributor/s

Justification
This species is found on the eastern coastal Africa and Madagascar and other islands. There are no known threats although the habitat may be degradated by costal development. This species is listed as Least Concern.
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Population

Population
There is no population information available for this species.

Population Trend
Unknown
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Threats

Major Threats
There are no major threats known for this species. However, there is habitat degradation from coastal development such as aquaculture.
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Least Concern (LC)
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
There are no specific conservation measures in place for this species. Its distribution overlaps several marine protected areas within its range.
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