Overview

Distribution

Range Description

Synaphobranchus oregoni is found from Florida to southern Mexico including the Bahamas.
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Circumtropical, except in the eastern Pacific.
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Circumglobal in temperate and tropical seas.
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Physical Description

Size

Max. size

111 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 26895))
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Type Information

Holotype for Synaphobranchus oregoni Castle
Catalog Number: USNM 185605
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Year Collected: 1952
Locality: Gulf of Mexico: Off Alabama, Alabama, United States, Gulf of Mexico, Atlantic
Depth (m): 649 to 869
Vessel: Oregon
  • Holotype: Castle, P. H. 1960. Fieldiana (Zoology). 39 (35): 388, fig. 66.
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Ecology

Habitat

Known from seamounts and knolls
  • Stocks, K. 2009. Seamounts Online: an online information system for seamount biology. Version 2009-1. World Wide Web electronic publication.
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Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
Synaphobranchus oregoni is a bathydemersal species found at a depth range of 500-1,900 m. Congeners, Synaphobranchus affinis, are found on the upper continental slope over rocky substrata.

Systems
  • Marine
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Environment

bathydemersal; marine; depth range 512 - 1900 m (Ref. 26895)
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Depth range based on 15 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 10 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 493.5 - 1950
  Temperature range (°C): 2.553 - 8.607
  Nitrate (umol/L): 23.010 - 36.770
  Salinity (PPS): 34.415 - 35.008
  Oxygen (ml/l): 2.887 - 5.104
  Phosphate (umol/l): 1.565 - 2.486
  Silicate (umol/l): 18.918 - 103.830

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 493.5 - 1950

Temperature range (°C): 2.553 - 8.607

Nitrate (umol/L): 23.010 - 36.770

Salinity (PPS): 34.415 - 35.008

Oxygen (ml/l): 2.887 - 5.104

Phosphate (umol/l): 1.565 - 2.486

Silicate (umol/l): 18.918 - 103.830
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Synaphobranchus oregoni

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 0
Specimens with Barcodes: 3
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
LC
Least Concern

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2010

Assessor/s
Smith, D.

Reviewer/s
Collen, B., Richman, N., Beresford, A., Chenery, A. & Ram, M.

Contributor/s
De Silva, R., Milligan, H., Lutz, M., Batchelor, A., Jopling, B., Kemp, K., Lewis, S., Lintott, P., Sears, J., Wilson, P. & Smith, J. and Livingston, F.

Justification
Synaphobranchus oregoni has been assessed as Least Concern. The deep water nature of this species is likely to protect it from many human induced and climatic threats. It is not known to be harvested for any commercial trade. Further research on the ecology and potential threats of this species is needed.
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Population

Population
There is no population information available for Synaphobranchus oregoni.

Population Trend
Unknown
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Threats

Major Threats
Due to the deepwater nature of this species it is unlikely that Synaphobranchus oregoni is being impacted upon by any major threat processes. There is no known directed fishery for this species.
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Least Concern (LC)
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
There are no species-specific conservation measures in place for Synaphobranchus oregoni.

Further research is needed on the ecology, potential threats and distribution of this species.
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Wikipedia

Synaphobranchus oregoni

Synaphobranchus oregoni is an eel in the family Synaphobranchidae (cutthroat eels).[1] It was described by Peter Henry John Castle in 1960.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Synaphobranchus oregoni at www.fishbase.org.
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