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Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Found mostly in the mesopelagic area (Ref. 35904). Possibly undergoes vertical migration (Ref. 35904). Oviparous, with planktonic eggs and larvae (Ref. 35904).
  • Paulin, C., A. Stewart, C. Roberts and P. McMillan 1989 New Zealand fish: a complete guide. National Museum of New Zealand Miscellaneous Series No. 19. 279 p. (Ref. 5755)
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Distribution

Southwest Pacific: New Zealand (Ref. 5755). Eastern Pacific: southern part of the California Current region to the Gulf of California (Ref. 35904); also Chile (Ref. 9068).
  • Paulin, C., A. Stewart, C. Roberts and P. McMillan 1989 New Zealand fish: a complete guide. National Museum of New Zealand Miscellaneous Series No. 19. 279 p. (Ref. 5755)
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Eastern Pacific.
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Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 13 - 16; Analspines: 0; Analsoft rays: 14 - 17; Vertebrae: 45 - 50
  • Moser, H.G. 1996 Melanostomiidae: scaleless dragonfishes. p. 308-319. In H.G. Moser (ed.) The early stages of fishes in the California Current Region. California Cooperative Oceanic Fisheries Investigations (CalCOFI) Atlas No. 33. 1505 p. (Ref. 35904)
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Ecology

Habitat

Known from seamounts and knolls
  • Stocks, K. 2009. Seamounts Online: an online information system for seamount biology. Version 2009-1. World Wide Web electronic publication.
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Source: World Register of Marine Species

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Environment

bathypelagic; marine
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Depth range based on 17 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 16 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 275 - 2868
  Temperature range (°C): 1.785 - 10.976
  Nitrate (umol/L): 28.575 - 45.499
  Salinity (PPS): 34.514 - 34.766
  Oxygen (ml/l): 0.233 - 2.893
  Phosphate (umol/l): 2.383 - 3.384
  Silicate (umol/l): 28.015 - 163.066

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 275 - 2868

Temperature range (°C): 1.785 - 10.976

Nitrate (umol/L): 28.575 - 45.499

Salinity (PPS): 34.514 - 34.766

Oxygen (ml/l): 0.233 - 2.893

Phosphate (umol/l): 2.383 - 3.384

Silicate (umol/l): 28.015 - 163.066
 
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Life History and Behavior

Life Cycle

Oviparous (Ref. 35904).
  • Moser, H.G. 1996 Melanostomiidae: scaleless dragonfishes. p. 308-319. In H.G. Moser (ed.) The early stages of fishes in the California Current Region. California Cooperative Oceanic Fisheries Investigations (CalCOFI) Atlas No. 33. 1505 p. (Ref. 35904)
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
  • IUCN 2006 2006 IUCN red list of threatened species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded July 2006.
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