Scientists aim to describe a single 'tree of life' that reflects the evolutionary relationships of living things. However, evolutionary relationships are a matter of ongoing discovery, and there are different opinions about how living things should be grouped and named. EOL reflects these differences by supporting several different scientific 'classifications'. Some species have been named more than once. Such duplicates are listed under synonyms. EOL also provides support for common names which may vary across regions as well as languages.

Preferred marks the preferred classification for this taxon.

Recognized By Rank Classification
Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life: April 2013
view in classification
Species Import
view in classification
view in classification
FishWisePro resource
Global Biotic Interactions Species
IUCN Red List
DiscoverLife map resource
  • Umbrina bussingi
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS)
view in classification
OBIS Environmental Information
  • Umbrina bussingi López S., 1980
OBIS depth range resource
STRI Neotropical Fishes
STRI Neotropical fish distribution maps
  • Umbrina bussingi
DiscoverLife ID keys resource
  • Umbrina bussingi
IUCN Structured Data


EOL content is automatically assembled from many different content providers. As a result, from time to time you may find pages on EOL that are confusing.

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