Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Found over mud and sand bottoms in river estuaries to about 25 m depth. Marketed fresh and salted.
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Distribution

Western Atlantic: Panama to Santos, Brazil. Also reported in Nicaragua (Ref. 13613).
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Western Atlantic: Panama to Brazil.
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Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal spines (total): 11; Dorsal soft rays (total): 20 - 24; Analspines: 2; Analsoft rays: 8 - 10
  • Chao, N.L. 2003 Scianidae. Croakers. p. 1583-1653. In K.E. Carpenter (ed.) FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the Western Central Atlantic. Vol. 3: Bony fishes part 2 (Opistognathidae to Molidae), sea turtles and marine mammals. (Ref. 51721)   http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=51721&speccode=405 External link.
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Size

Maximum size: 908 mm TL
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Max. size

90.8 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 9626)); max. published weight: 2,000 g (Ref. 5217)
  • Cervigón, F., R. Cipriani, W. Fischer, L. Garibaldi, M. Hendrickx, A.J. Lemus, R. Márquez, J.M. Poutiers, G. Robaina and B. Rodriguez 1992 Fichas FAO de identificación de especies para los fines de la pesca. Guía de campo de las especies comerciales marinas y de aquas salobres de la costa septentrional de Sur América. FAO, Rome. 513 p. Preparado con el financiamento de la Comisión de Comunidades Europeas y de NORAD. (Ref. 5217)   http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=5217&speccode=7 External link.
  • Cervigón, F. 1993 Los peces marinos de Venezuela. Volume 2. Fundación Científica Los Roques, Caracas,Venezuela. 497 p. (Ref. 9626)   http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=9626&speccode=171 External link.
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Diagnostic Description

Silvery bluish on back, often with greenish reflections. Whitish on belly. Upper sides sometimes with inconspicuous minute dark dots. Soft portion of dorsal fin and caudal fin edged with black, pelvic and anal fins yellowish. Inside of opercle dark, visible externally. Mouth large, pointed, lower jaw projecting. Upper jaw with a pair of large canine-teeth at tip. Chin without barbel or obvious pores. Snout with 2 marginal pores. Gas bladder with a pair of curved, horn-like anterior appendages. Scales small, all cycloid (smooth). Soft dorsal-fin base with 1 or 2 rows of scales along its base (Ref 51721).
  • Chao, N.L. 2003 Scianidae. Croakers. p. 1583-1653. In K.E. Carpenter (ed.) FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the Western Central Atlantic. Vol. 3: Bony fishes part 2 (Opistognathidae to Molidae), sea turtles and marine mammals. (Ref. 51721)   http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=51721&speccode=405 External link.
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Ecology

Habitat

Environment

demersal; brackish; marine; depth range ? - 25 m
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Depth range based on 1 specimen in 1 taxon.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 11 - 11
 
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Depth: 0 - 25m.
Recorded at 25 meters.

Habitat: demersal.
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Cynoscion leiarchus

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


No available public DNA sequences.

Download FASTA File
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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Cynoscion leiarchus

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 1
Specimens with Barcodes: 4
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Importance

fisheries: commercial; gamefish: yes
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