Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Occurs in temporary swamps, raphia-swamps and swampy parts of slow flowing brooks in the swampy coastal rainforest. 14 cm TL (Ref. 3788). Not a seasonal killifish. Bottom spawner, 2 months incubation. Is easy to maintain in aquarium (Ref. 27139).
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Distribution

Range Description

This species is restricted to Nigeria and Cameroon.

Central Africa: In Lower Guinea, Fundulopanchax sjoestedti is limited to the coastal rainforest of southwestern Cameroon.

Western Africa: It is present in the coastal rivers and swamps of southern Nigeria.
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Africa: Niger delta in southern and southeastern Nigeria and southwestern Cameroon. Reported from Ghana (Ref. 11235).
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West-central Africa.
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Physical Description

Size

Maximum size: 140 mm TL
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Max. size

13.0 cm SL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 31256))
  • Olaosebikan, B.D. and A. Raji 1998 Field guide to Nigerian freshwater fishes. Federal College of Freshwater Fisheries Technology, New Bussa, Nigeria. 106 p. (Ref. 31256)
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
Fundulopanchax sjoestedti is limited to habitats on the sedimentary soils of the coastal rainforest. It is found in temporary swamps and pools, raffia swamps and swampy parts of slow-flowing brooks in the swampy coastal rainforest (Wildekamp et al. 1986). It is a benthopelagic, non-migratory species. Fundulopanchax (Fundulopanchax) sjoestedtiis not a seasonal killifish. It is a bottom spawner with 2 months incubation. This species is easy to maintain in aquarium (Huber 1996).

Systems
  • Freshwater
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Environment

benthopelagic; non-migratory; freshwater; pH range: 6.0 - 8.0; dH range: 5 - 19
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
LC
Least Concern

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2010

Assessor/s
Lalèyè, P., Moelants, T. & Olaosebikan, B.D.

Reviewer/s
Snoeks, J., Tweddle, D., Getahun, A., Lalèyè, P., Paugy, D., Zaiss, R., Fishar, M.R.A & Brooks, E.

Contributor/s

Justification
This species has a wide enough distribution, with only localised threats, to qualify as Least Concern. It has also been assessed regionally as Least Concern for western Africa. In central Africa, Fundulopanchax sjoestedti is known from fewer than 5 localities. The species is threatened by the oil palm plantations in the region. Both the EOO and AOO qualify for the Endangered status.
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Population

Population
No information available.

Population Trend
Unknown
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Threats

Major Threats
The species is threatened by the oil palm plantations in Cameroon. In Nigeria, it is threatened by habitat degradation from agriculture, urban development and oil exploration.
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Least Concern (LC)
  • IUCN 2006 2006 IUCN red list of threatened species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded July 2006.
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
Part of the distribution of the species is situated in the Korup National Park. Habitat maintenance and conservation is needed.
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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Importance

aquarium: commercial
  • Robins, C.R., R.M. Bailey, C.E. Bond, J.R. Brooker, E.A. Lachner, R.N. Lea and W.B. Scott 1991 World fishes important to North Americans. Exclusive of species from the continental waters of the United States and Canada. Am. Fish. Soc. Spec. Publ. (21):243 p. (Ref. 4537)
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