Overview

Distribution

Mucuri River basin, Brazil.
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South America: Mucuri River basin in Brazil.
  • Lima, F.C.T. 2003 Characidae - Bryconinae (Characins, tetras). p. 174-181. In R.E. Reis, S.O. Kullander and C.J. Ferraris, Jr. (eds.) Checklist of the Freshwater Fishes of South and Central America. Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS, Brasil. (Ref. 38504)
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Physical Description

Size

Max. size

39.5 cm SL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 38504))
  • Lima, F.C.T. 2003 Characidae - Bryconinae (Characins, tetras). p. 174-181. In R.E. Reis, S.O. Kullander and C.J. Ferraris, Jr. (eds.) Checklist of the Freshwater Fishes of South and Central America. Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS, Brasil. (Ref. 38504)
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Diagnostic Description

Readily distinguishable in life from all other species of the genus in eastern Brazilian coastal rivers by the unique brightly red colored dorsal, adipose, caudal and anal fins. Differs from all other species of eastern coastal Brazilian Brycon by having the fifth infraorbital bone longer than wide and a great maximum body depth (31.7-37.5% SL). Differs from B. ferox, the only other member of the genus occurring in the Rio Mucuri, by having 11 or 12 scales between lateral line and the dorsal fin, and by a different color pattern (Ref. 38873).
  • Lima, F.C.T. and R.M.C. Castro 2000 Brycon vermelha, a new species of characid fish from the Rio Mucuri, a coastal river of eastern Brazil (Ostariophysi: Characiformes). Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 11(2):155-162. (Ref. 38873)
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Type Information

Paratype for Brycon vermelha Lima & Castro
Catalog Number: USNM 320481
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Preparation: Unknown
Collector(s): R. Castro & S. Jewett
Year Collected: 1991
Locality: Brazil: Minas Gerais, Rio Mucuri approximately 9 km W of town of Presidente Pena along a dirt road on Fazenda Gaviao. Main river channel and rapids. (coordinates are for Presidente Pena.)., Minas Gerais, Brazil, South America
  • Paratype: Lima, F. C. & Castro, R. M. 2000. Ichthyological Exploration of Freshwaters. 11 (2): 156, figs 1-2.
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Ecology

Habitat

Environment

benthopelagic; freshwater
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
  • IUCN 2006 2006 IUCN red list of threatened species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded July 2006.
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