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BiologyOccurs at a temperature range of 21.5-29.0 °C; occasionally forms schools; is mainly diurnal (Ref. 2). Males were seen scooping algal debris from the bottom, occasionally moving to adjacent weed beds to rasp epiphytic algae; maternal mouthbrooder (Ref. 2, 55077). Excellent to eat; occurs in shallow water; common but localized (Ref. 53528). Important in swamp fishery (Ref. 4967).