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Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

A generally uncommon species found in seaward reefs (Ref. 9710, 48637) and in harbours. Usually in rich coral with various other mixed-invertebrate habitat (Ref. 48637). Found close to shelter (Ref. 9710). Feeds on benthic organisms (Ref. 3467). Solitary (Ref. 90102).
  • Hutchins, J.B. 1986 Monacanthidae. p. 882-887. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. (Ref. 4421)
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Distribution

Indo-West Pacific: south to Durban, South Africa, east to Marshall Islands. Recently reported from Tonga (Ref. 53797).
  • Hutchins, J.B. 1986 Monacanthidae. p. 882-887. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. (Ref. 4421)
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Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, South Africa, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Marshall Islands and Tonga, north to southern Japan, south to northwestern Australia.
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Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal spines (total): 2; Dorsal soft rays (total): 33 - 36; Analspines: 0; Analsoft rays: 31 - 32
  • Myers, R.F. 1991 Micronesian reef fishes. Second Ed. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam. 298 p. (Ref. 1602)
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Size

Maximum size: 250 mm ---
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Max. size

25.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 5213))
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Diagnostic Description

Sometimes resembles the mottled color phase of C. pardalis, but most often has a pattern of about four broad dusky bands converging posteriorly and has a longer tail.Description: Characterized further by dark blotches around eye and on sides; white bar across tail base; first dorsal spine nearly equal to length of snout, above front half of eye and partially fitting into groove on back; absence of spines on side of caudal peduncle; concave dorsal profile of snout; rounded caudal fin; depth of body at origin of anal fin 2.0-2.3 in SL (Ref. 90102).
  • Myers, R.F. 1991 Micronesian reef fishes. Second Ed. Coral Graphics, Barrigada, Guam. 298 p. (Ref. 1602)
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Description

Prefers shallow coastal coral reefs and feeds on benthic organisms (Ref. 3467).
  • Anon. (1996). FishBase 96 [CD-ROM]. ICLARM: Los Baños, Philippines. 1 cd-rom pp.
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Ecology

Habitat

Environment

reef-associated; marine; depth range 1 - 43 m (Ref. 9710), usually ? - 25 m (Ref. 9710)
  • Lieske, E. and R. Myers 1994 Collins Pocket Guide. Coral reef fishes. Indo-Pacific & Caribbean including the Red Sea. Haper Collins Publishers, 400 p. (Ref. 9710)
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Depth range based on 8 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 4 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 0.9 - 150
  Temperature range (°C): 25.344 - 25.594
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.164 - 0.584
  Salinity (PPS): 35.012 - 35.057
  Oxygen (ml/l): 4.609 - 4.701
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.205 - 0.232
  Silicate (umol/l): 3.763 - 3.810

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 0.9 - 150

Temperature range (°C): 25.344 - 25.594

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.164 - 0.584

Salinity (PPS): 35.012 - 35.057

Oxygen (ml/l): 4.609 - 4.701

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.205 - 0.232

Silicate (umol/l): 3.763 - 3.810
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Depth: 1 - 43m.
From 1 to 43 meters.

Habitat: reef-associated. Spectacled filefish.  (Gunther, 1867) Attains 23 cm. Colour yellowish brown with 5 longitudinal darker bands on side of body, each band enclosing an obscure row of dark brown spots; usually a thin blue line surrounds eye; broad white to yellowish band encircles anterior two-thirds of peduncle. Soft D, A and P rays pale brown; C yellowish brown, with broad dark brown band along rear margin. Tropical Indo-West Pacific, south to Durban.
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Cantherhines fronticinctus

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 1
Specimens with Barcodes: 1
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Genomic DNA is available from 2 specimens with morphological vouchers housed at Florida Museum of Natural History
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
  • IUCN 2006 2006 IUCN red list of threatened species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded July 2006.
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Wikipedia

Cantherhines fronticinctus

Cantherhines fronticinctus, known commonly as the Spectacled filefish , is a species of marine fish in the family Monacanthidae.

The Spectacled filefish is widespread throughout the tropical waters of the Indo/ West Pacific area.[1]

The Spectacled filefish is a small sized fish that can reach a maximum size of 25 cm length.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://eol.org/pages/221153/details#distribution
  2. ^ http://www.fishbase.org/summary/7842
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