IUCN threat status:

Data Deficient (DD)

Comprehensive Description

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Description

  Common names: croaker (English), corvinata (Espanol), roncacho (Espanol)
 
Cheilotrema saturnum (Girard, 1858)

Black croaker

Body high, oblong; forehead profile oblique, snout pointed; mouth a little below; chin with 5 pores, no barbel; 14-20 gill rakers; preopercle finely serrated; dorsal fin X, I, 25-28, with deep notch between spiny and soft parts; anal short, II spines, 2nd  spine heavy, as long as 1st ray, 6-7 rays; pectoral short, not reaching tip of pelvic,17-18 rays; tail straight; scales rough except smooth around eye; inner 1/3 of soft dorsal and inner 3/4 of anal scaly; 56-60 lateral line scales.

Upper body dark grey to purplish to black, with coppery patches; belly silvery with dark dots; an indistinct pale bar at mid-body; an elongate black blotch on upper rear border of opercle; fins dark grey; juveniles with 3-4 dark stripes along upper body.

Size: 45 cm.

Habitat: caves and crevices near sandy bottoms, open bays and coasts.

Depth: 3-100 m.

California to southern Baja; also in the northern Gulf of California.   

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© Shorefishes of the tropical eastern Pacific online information system. www.stri.org/sftep

Source: Shorefishes of the Tropical Eastern Pacific Online Information System

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