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BiologyBenthopelagic adults inhabit fresh and brackish water springs with salinity of up to 23 ppt. They are observed in shallow areas with slow current, among vegetation, as well as in the water column. They are short-lived, form schools and fast swimmers. Mature females are fractional spawners that breed in late spring - early summer, spawning 1-3 eggs a time (apparently the reproductive period may be prolonged until late summer) (Ref. 58344).