Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Occurs in surface waters of the open ocean (Ref. 30573). Capable of leaping out of the water and gliding for considerable distances above the surface (Ref. 30573). Feeds on zooplankton and small fish (Ref. 9839).
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Distribution

Widespread in tropical zones of all oceans. Western Atlantic: Massachusetts, USA to southern South America
  • North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
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Widespread in tropical zones of all oceans. Western Atlantic: Massachusetts, USA to southern South America (Ref. 7251). Eastern Atlantic: equator eastward to 8°W, Cape Verde. Northwest Atlantic: Canada (Ref. 5951). Indian Ocean: widely distributed but absent from the Red Sea, northern Arabian Sea, and the Persian Gulf (Ref. 3395). Western Pacific: absent in inland waters of southeast Asia (Ref. 9839). Eastern Central Pacific. The distinction between Cheilopogon antoncichi and Cheilopogon unicolor awaits clarification.
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Circumglobal in tropical and subtropical seas (including Seychelles, Madagascar, Mascarenes, Maldives, New Caledonia, Hawaiian Islands).
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Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 12 - 14; Analspines: 0; Analsoft rays: 9 - 11
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Size

Maximum size: 350 mm TL
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Max. size

35.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 5217))
  • Cervigón, F., R. Cipriani, W. Fischer, L. Garibaldi, M. Hendrickx, A.J. Lemus, R. Márquez, J.M. Poutiers, G. Robaina and B. Rodriguez 1992 Fichas FAO de identificación de especies para los fines de la pesca. Guía de campo de las especies comerciales marinas y de aquas salobres de la costa septentrional de Sur América. FAO, Rome. 513 p. Preparado con el financiamento de la Comisión de Comunidades Europeas y de NORAD. (Ref. 5217)   http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=5217&speccode=7 External link.
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Diagnostic Description

Body dark iridescent blue above, silvery white below; pectorals dark grey, with a broad pale margin crossed by a pale stripe becoming narrower toward anterior fin margin; pelvic fins pale (Ref. 2797). Juveniles up to 10-19 cm SL with dark bars on body and variegated paired fins (Ref. 2797).
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Ecology

Habitat

nektonic
  • North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
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Occurs in surface waters of the open ocean.
  • North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
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Environment

pelagic-oceanic; oceanodromous (Ref. 51243); marine; depth range 0 - 20 m
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Depth range based on 33 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 22 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 0 - 4996
  Temperature range (°C): 1.742 - 26.954
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.384 - 26.022
  Salinity (PPS): 31.427 - 36.610
  Oxygen (ml/l): 3.676 - 6.091
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.057 - 1.751
  Silicate (umol/l): 1.086 - 64.837

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 0 - 4996

Temperature range (°C): 1.742 - 26.954

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.384 - 26.022

Salinity (PPS): 31.427 - 36.610

Oxygen (ml/l): 3.676 - 6.091

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.057 - 1.751

Silicate (umol/l): 1.086 - 64.837
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Depth: 0 - 20m.
Recorded at 20 meters.

Habitat: pelagic.
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Migration

Oceanodromous. Migrating within oceans typically between spawning and different feeding areas, as tunas do. Migrations should be cyclical and predictable and cover more than 100 km.
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Trophic Strategy

Occurs in surface waters of the open ocean. Capable of leaping out of the water and gliding for considerable distances above the surface. Feeds on zooplankton and small fish.
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Life History and Behavior

Behavior

Diet

Feeds on zooplankton and small fish
  • North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Cheilopogon furcatus

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 1
Specimens with Barcodes: 2
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
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