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BiologyInhabits in lakes, billabongs, rivers and to a lesser extent brackish estuaries and the tidal portion of rivers. Found in clear or turbid fresh water reservoirs and waterholes. Water is typically warm (23-35°C), with pH between 7.0-8.7 (Ref. 44894). Feeds mainly on fishes, prawns and crayfish. Various arthropods are also consumed. Breeds early in the wet season, sometimes extending into the late wet (November to March). Eggs are incubated orally by the male for 5-6 weeks; brooding males form groups in deeper water. Juveniles grow quickly, attaining 20-30 centimeters by the end of the first year, and sexual maturity is reached after 3 years. An excellent eating fish, rapidly growing in popularity (Ref. 44894).