Comprehensive DescriptionRead full entry
Depth of body 21/2 to 23/4 times in total length, length of head 32/3 to 42/3 times. Head as long as deep or a little longer, about twice as long as broad ; snout not compressed, projecting strongly beyond mouth, as long as eye in the young, twice as long in the adult; eye 31/3(young) to 5 times in length of head; interorbital width 1 to 11/3 times length of snout, 2/5 length of head ; maxillary extending to below nostrils or not quite so far ; teeth in two series in each jaw, outer series containing 20 (young) to 36 teeth.
Dorsal 22-24 (4-5 unbranched), equally distant from head and from caudal. Adipose fin small, separated from dorsal by a space equal to 1/2 to 2/3 base of latter. Anal 13-15 (3-4 unbranched), its base much shorter than that of dorsal. Pectoral 3/5 to 3/4 length of head. Caudal forked, with rounded or obtusely pointed lobes. Caudal peduncle as long as deep. Scales 68-77 13-14/14-16, 10 between lateral line and root of ventral. Young greyish or purplish brown above, white below, with 6 to 9 continuous or interrupted dark vertical bars ; dorsal with black dots ; ventrals black or blackish ; pectoral usually blackish at the end; adult uniform brown.