Overview

Comprehensive Description

Anthias anthias ZBK (Linnaeus, 1758)

Aegean Sea : 11900-597 (3 spc.), February 2001 , Bozcaada Island , trammel net , 30 m, L. Eryilmaz ; 11900-254 (1 spc.), 11.01.1969 , Candarli Bay, 110 m , M. Demir ; 11900-246 (1 spc.), 07.02.1969 , Ayvalik Fish Market ; 11900-558 (1 spc.), 11.01.1969 , Candarh Bay, 110 m , M. Demir . Mediterranean Sea : 11900-757 (1 spc.), March 2004 , Samandagi , trawl , 250 m, C. Dalyan .

  • Nurettin Meriç, Lütfiye Eryilmaz, Müfit Özulug (2007): A catalogue of the fishes held in the Istanbul University, Science Faculty, Hydrobiology Museum. Zootaxa 1472, 29-54: 43-43, URL:http://www.zoobank.org/urn:lsid:zoobank.org:pub:428F3980-C1B8-45FF-812E-0F4847AF6786
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Biology

Lives amongst rocks, gravel, coral (Ref. 2683) and in submarine caves on the continental shelf and upper slope. Nocturnal. Feeds on crustaceans and small fishes. Protogynous.
  • Tortonese, E. 1986 Serranidae. p. 780-792. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the north-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. UNESCO, Paris. vol. 2. (Ref. 5506)
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Distribution

Eastern Atlantic: Mediterranean and Portugal to Angola, including the Azores. Range reported to extend south to northern Namibia (Ref. 27121).
  • Tortonese, E. 1986 Serranidae. p. 780-792. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the north-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. UNESCO, Paris. vol. 2. (Ref. 5506)
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Mediterranean Sea, eastern Atlantic: Portugal and Namibia including Madeira and Azores.
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Physical Description

Size

Maximum size: 270 mm SL
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Max. size

27.0 cm SL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 3397))
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Ecology

Habitat

Known from seamounts and knolls
  • Stocks, K. 2009. Seamounts Online: an online information system for seamount biology. Version 2009-1. World Wide Web electronic publication.
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Environment

reef-associated; marine; depth range ? - 300 m (Ref. 2683), usually 30 - 50 m (Ref. 27115)
  • Schneider, W. 1990 FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Field guide to the commercial marine resources of the Gulf of Guinea. Prepared and published with the support of the FAO Regional Office for Africa. Rome: FAO. 268 p. (Ref. 2683)
  • Baensch, H.A. and H. Debelius 1997 Meerwasser atlas. Mergus Verlag GmbH, Postfach 86, 49302, Melle, Germany. 1216 p. 3rd edition. (Ref. 27115)
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Depth range based on 59 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 54 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 60 - 347
  Temperature range (°C): 12.875 - 17.496
  Nitrate (umol/L): 1.864 - 25.931
  Salinity (PPS): 35.577 - 38.648
  Oxygen (ml/l): 1.755 - 5.219
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.179 - 1.525
  Silicate (umol/l): 1.663 - 7.402

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 60 - 347

Temperature range (°C): 12.875 - 17.496

Nitrate (umol/L): 1.864 - 25.931

Salinity (PPS): 35.577 - 38.648

Oxygen (ml/l): 1.755 - 5.219

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.179 - 1.525

Silicate (umol/l): 1.663 - 7.402
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Depth: 0 - 300m.
Recorded at 300 meters.

Habitat: reef-associated.
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Trophic Strategy

Feeds on fish and small crustaceans (Ref. 5506).
  • Tortonese, E. 1986 Serranidae. p. 780-792. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the north-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. UNESCO, Paris. vol. 2. (Ref. 5506)
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Anthias anthias

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 2
Specimens with Barcodes: 6
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
  • IUCN 2006 2006 IUCN red list of threatened species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded July 2006.
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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Importance

fisheries: commercial; gamefish: yes; aquarium: commercial
  • Schneider, W. 1990 FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Field guide to the commercial marine resources of the Gulf of Guinea. Prepared and published with the support of the FAO Regional Office for Africa. Rome: FAO. 268 p. (Ref. 2683)
  • Baensch, H.A. and H. Debelius 1997 Meerwasser atlas. Mergus Verlag GmbH, Postfach 86, 49302, Melle, Germany. 1216 p. 3rd edition. (Ref. 27115)
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Disclaimer

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