Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Found on sandy-muddy bottoms at a depth of about 150 m (Ref. 5213). Omnivorous species but prefers worms, mollusks, and crustaceans (Ref. 5213). Grunts when removed from the water.
  • Smith, J.L.B. and M.M. Smith 1986 Sparidae. p. 580-594. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. (Ref. 3198)
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Distribution

Western Indian Ocean: Mossel Bay, South Africa to Madagascar.
  • Smith, J.L.B. and M.M. Smith 1986 Sparidae. p. 580-594. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. (Ref. 3198)
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South Africa.
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Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal spines (total): 12; Dorsal soft rays (total): 10 - 11; Analspines: 3; Analsoft rays: 10
  • Smith, J.L.B. and M.M. Smith 1986 Sparidae. p. 580-594. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. (Ref. 3198)
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Size

Max. size

30.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 3198))
  • Smith, J.L.B. and M.M. Smith 1986 Sparidae. p. 580-594. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. (Ref. 3198)
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Ecology

Habitat

Environment

demersal; marine; depth range ? - 150 m (Ref. 5213)
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Depth range based on 200 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 83 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 23 - 214
  Temperature range (°C): 12.092 - 20.525
  Nitrate (umol/L): 2.529 - 15.604
  Salinity (PPS): 35.031 - 35.358
  Oxygen (ml/l): 4.287 - 5.079
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.401 - 1.323
  Silicate (umol/l): 5.944 - 11.616

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 23 - 214

Temperature range (°C): 12.092 - 20.525

Nitrate (umol/L): 2.529 - 15.604

Salinity (PPS): 35.031 - 35.358

Oxygen (ml/l): 4.287 - 5.079

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.401 - 1.323

Silicate (umol/l): 5.944 - 11.616
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Pagellus natalensis

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


No available public DNA sequences.

Download FASTA File
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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Pagellus natalensis

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 3
Specimens with Barcodes: 3
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
  • IUCN 2006 2006 IUCN red list of threatened species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded July 2006.
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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Importance

fisheries: commercial
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