Overview

Brief Summary

Small wrasses that live in the Western Pacific which have a hermanic mating system. While searching for a mate, the males flash their metallic colors to attract a dull colored female. 2

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Comprehensive Description

Biology

Found over coral or rubble of shallow protected reefs, occasionally in exposed areas (Ref. 9710).
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Distribution

Range Description

This species is found on the Great Barrier Reef, and in New South Wales, Australia, including Lord Howe Island and the Elizabeth and Middleton Reefs to southern New Guinea, Fiji, Samoa and Tonga.
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Western Pacific: New South Wales, Australia to southern Guinea, Fiji and Tonga.
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Commonly spread around the Western Pacific

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Southwestern Pacific: Fiji to Tonga to eastern Australia.
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Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal spines (total): 11; Dorsal soft rays (total): 9; Analspines: 3; Analsoft rays: 9
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Size

Maximum size: 130 mm TL
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Max. size

13.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 2334))
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Maximum length is 13cm.

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Diagnostic Description

Pelvic fins in male very long, often half or more of standard length. Upper three-fourths of the body dark gray to reddish with pink to blue dots, lower fourth white; a black spot at the base of the pectoral fins; females and juveniles with a black spot at the upper base of the caudal fin.
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The coloration of these fish can vary with geographic region. Males develop a purple blue base color with dark stripes along the dorsal and anal fins. Males and Females both have a small dark bar at the base of the pectoral fins. 1

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Type Information

Paratype for Cirrhilabrus punctatus Randall & Kuiter
Catalog Number: USNM 238840
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Collector(s): V. Springer et al.
Year Collected: 1982
Locality: Fiji Islands Rear of Small Reef NW of Malolo Barrier Reef, Fiji, Fiji Islands, Pacific
Depth (m): 21 to 29
  • Paratype: Randall, J. E. & Kuiter, R. H. 1989. Revue Francaise d'Aquariologie, Herpetologie. 16 (2): 44.
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Paratype for Cirrhilabrus punctatus Randall & Kuiter
Catalog Number: USNM 238843
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Collector(s): V. Springer & et al.
Year Collected: 1982
Locality: Fiji Islands Viwa Island, Viwa Reef, Fiji, Fiji Islands, Pacific
Depth (m): 21 to 30
  • Paratype: Randall, J. E. & Kuiter, R. H. 1989. Revue Francaise d'Aquariologie, Herpetologie. 16 (2): 44.
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Paratype for Cirrhilabrus punctatus Randall & Kuiter
Catalog Number: USNM 303161
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Collector(s): V. Springer
Year Collected: 1966
Locality: One Tree Islet, Capricorn Group, Queensland, Australia. W. End of Bay At NW End of Island, One Tree Island, Capricorn Group, Queensland, Australia, Pacific
Depth (m): 2
  • Paratype: Randall, J. E. & Kuiter, R. H. 1989. Revue Francaise d'Aquariologie, Herpetologie. 16 (2): 44.
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Paratype for Cirrhilabrus punctatus Randall & Kuiter
Catalog Number: USNM 216525
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Collector(s): V. Springer, F. Talbot, J. Choat & B. Goldman
Year Collected: 1966
Locality: Australia, Queensland, One Tree Island, About 1/2 Mile NE of Island On Coral Outcrop, One Tree Island, Capricorn Group, Queensland, Australia, Pacific
Depth (m): 5
  • Paratype: Randall, J. E. & Kuiter, R. H. 1989. Revue Francaise d'Aquariologie, Herpetologie. 16 (2): 44.
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Paratype for Cirrhilabrus punctatus Randall & Kuiter
Catalog Number: USNM 303160
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Collector(s): V. Springer, F. Talbot, J. Choat, B. Goldman & M. Cameron
Year Collected: 1966
Locality: One Tree Island: Queensland, Australia. Off SW side of island-just below underwater cliff at deep drop off (below VGS 66-16), One Tree Island, Capricorn Group, Queensland, Australia, Pacific
Depth (m): 32
  • Paratype: Randall, J. E. & Kuiter, R. H. 1989. Revue Francaise d'Aquariologie, Herpetologie. 16 (2): 44.
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
This species is found over coral or rubble on shallow protected reefs, and occasionally in exposed areas, from 2 to 32 m.

Systems
  • Marine
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Environment

reef-associated; marine; depth range ? - 32 m, usually 5 - 28 m (Ref. 27115)
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Depth range based on 75 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 43 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 0.5 - 66.9273
  Temperature range (°C): 21.407 - 29.171
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.019 - 2.089
  Salinity (PPS): 34.387 - 35.635
  Oxygen (ml/l): 4.383 - 5.058
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.088 - 0.289
  Silicate (umol/l): 0.803 - 5.204

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 0.5 - 66.9273

Temperature range (°C): 21.407 - 29.171

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.019 - 2.089

Salinity (PPS): 34.387 - 35.635

Oxygen (ml/l): 4.383 - 5.058

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.088 - 0.289

Silicate (umol/l): 0.803 - 5.204
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Found around Fijian Islands, Southern part of Nudha/Boneagi, and the Soloman Islands. Climate range is tropical, and they are reef associated. Mostly found over coral or rubble of shallow protected reefs. 1

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Depth: 0 - 32m.
Recorded at 32 meters.

Habitat: reef-associated. Found over coral or rubble of shallow protected reefs, occasionally in exposed areas (Ref. 9710).
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Trophic Strategy

Stops momentarily above bottom of water to catch prey with protractile jaws and stout teeth. Can eat a range of food such as copepods,cyclops, brine shrimp, mysis shrimp, and zooplankton.

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Life History and Behavior

Behavior

Bounces in water using Labriform locomotion, the paddling motion of their pectoral fins. During reproduction, males flash their colors to attract a mate.

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Reproduction

Labridae are protogynous hermaphrodites with a hermanic mating system. Where the largest and most dominant females change into males when the social order needs a male. 3

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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Cirrhilabrus punctatus

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 0
Specimens with Barcodes: 9
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
LC
Least Concern

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2010

Assessor/s
Rocha, L. & Pollard, D.

Reviewer/s
Craig, M.T. & Carpenter, K.E.

Contributor/s

Justification
Even though this species is commercialized in the aquarium trade, it is common throughout its wide range and is present in several effective marine protected areas. It is listed as Least Concern.
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Population

Population
This species is common over coral or rubble bottoms throughout its range.

Population Trend
Unknown
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Threats

Major Threats
There are no known major threats to this species, although it is exploited in the aquarium trade.
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Least Concern (LC)
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
There are no known species specific conservation measures in place for this species. This species distribution overlaps several marine protected areas within its range.
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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Importance

aquarium: commercial
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Wikipedia

Cirrhilabrus punctatus

The dotted wrasse, Cirrhilabrus punctatus, is a species of wrasse native to the western Pacific Ocean, where it occurs from Papua New Guinea and Australia to Tonga and Fiji. It inhabits coral reefs at depths from 2 to 35 m (6.6 to 115 ft), though mostly between 5 and 28 m (16 and 92 ft). It can reach a total length of 13 cm (5.1 in). This species is found in the aquarium trade.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Rocha, L. & Pollard, D. 2010. Cirrhilabrus punctatus. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.1. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 03 November 2013.
  2. ^ Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2013). "Cirrhilabrus punctatus" in FishBase. August 2013 version.


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