Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Common off Ghana where it is generally found among rocks.
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Distribution

Range Description

This species inhabits the eastern Atlantic region, where it ranges from Cape Verde and Senegal in the north to the Democratic Republic of the Congo in the south (including the Gulf of Guinea islands). Found at depths of 1-40 m.
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Eastern Atlantic: Senegal to Democratic Republic of the Congo.
  • Allen, G.R. 1985 Butterfly and angelfishes of the world. Vol. 2. 3rd edit. in English. Mergus Publishers, Melle, Germany. (Ref. 4858)
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Eastern Atlantic: Senagel to Congo, including Cape Verde Islands.
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Physical Description

Size

Maximum size: 450 mm ---
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Max. size

45.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 4858))
  • Allen, G.R. 1985 Butterfly and angelfishes of the world. Vol. 2. 3rd edit. in English. Mergus Publishers, Melle, Germany. (Ref. 4858)
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
This species is associated with clear water rocky reefs. It has a non-specialized diet.

Systems
  • Marine
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Environment

reef-associated; non-migratory; marine; depth range 1 - 40 m
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Depth range based on 4 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 2 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 25 - 42.5
  Temperature range (°C): 19.208 - 19.368
  Nitrate (umol/L): 11.646 - 14.682
  Salinity (PPS): 35.542 - 35.644
  Oxygen (ml/l): 2.613 - 2.644
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.805 - 0.943
  Silicate (umol/l): 4.573 - 5.416

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 25 - 42.5

Temperature range (°C): 19.208 - 19.368

Nitrate (umol/L): 11.646 - 14.682

Salinity (PPS): 35.542 - 35.644

Oxygen (ml/l): 2.613 - 2.644

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.805 - 0.943

Silicate (umol/l): 4.573 - 5.416
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Depth: 1 - 40m.
From 1 to 40 meters.

Habitat: reef-associated. Common off Ghana where it is generally found among rocks.
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Holacanthus africanus

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 0
Specimens with Barcodes: 3
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
LC
Least Concern

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2010

Assessor/s
Pyle, R., Myers, R., Rocha, L.A. & Craig, M.T.

Reviewer/s
Elfes, C., Polidoro, B., Livingstone, S. & Carpenter, K.E.

Contributor/s

Justification
Listed as Least Concern, as this species is widely distributed in the tropical eastern Atlantic and is considered to be common, with no major threats.
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Population

Population
It is very common in Cape Verde and São Tome (L.A. Rocha pers. comm. 2009). The status of the coastal population in West Africa and Central Africa is poorly known but is considered likely to be stable (L.A. Rocha pers. comm. 2009).

Population Trend
Stable
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Threats

Major Threats

There appear to be no threats to this species.

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Least Concern (LC)
  • IUCN 2006 2006 IUCN red list of threatened species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded July 2006.
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions

There appear to be no species-specific conservation measures in place. This species is believed to be present within a small number of marine protected areas in Cape Verde and São Tome.

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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Importance

aquarium: commercial
  • Robins, C.R., R.M. Bailey, C.E. Bond, J.R. Brooker, E.A. Lachner, R.N. Lea and W.B. Scott 1991 World fishes important to North Americans. Exclusive of species from the continental waters of the United States and Canada. Am. Fish. Soc. Spec. Publ. (21):243 p. (Ref. 4537)
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