Overview

Comprehensive Description

Description

  Common names: anchovy (English), anchoa (Espanol)
 
Anchoa compressa (Girard,1858)

Deep body anchovy



Body moderately deep, compressed; snout pointed, ½-¾ of eye diameter long; top jaw medium length, not reaching rear of preopercle, tip blunt; membrane between gill covers not expanded at rear; third gill arch with a few short rakers on its rear face; 21-24 lower gill rakers; no large canine teeth; dorsal fin origin in mid-body; anal fin base long, 27-31 rays, origin just before middle of dorsal fin; pectorals long, reaching base of pelvics.



Bright silver stripe along flank often as wide as eye, not fading in death.

Size: 16.5 cm.

Habitat: marine, coastal pelagic, most commonly found in bays.

Depth: 0-18.5 m.

Point Conception, California to Magdalena Bay, Baja California.
   
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Biology

A schooling species most commonly found in bays and inlets (the fourth most abundant fish taken by various gear in Newport Bay, California; its eggs are the most abundant of 7 species sampled, especially in May). The ovarian eggs are spherical. Eggs and larvae are planktonic (Ref. 35602). Feeds on plankton (Ref. 8593). Basically filter-feeders, but at times have been observed feeding by selection (Ref. 4930). Normally used as bait (Ref. 9298).
  • Whitehead, P.J.P., G.J. Nelson and T. Wongratana 1988 FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (Suborder Clupeoidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/2):305-579. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 189)   http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=189&speccode=4 External link.
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Distribution

Zoogeography

See Map (including site records) of Distribution in the Tropical Eastern Pacific 
 
Global Endemism: All species, East Pacific endemic, TEP non-endemic

Regional Endemism: All species, Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) non-endemic, Temperate Eastern Pacific, primarily, California province, primarily, Continent, Continent only

Residency: Vagrant

Climate Zone: North Temperate (Californian Province &/or Northern Gulf of California), Northern Subtropical (Cortez Province + Sinaloan Gap)
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Eastern Central Pacific: Morro Bay, California (Ref. 2850) to Magdalena Bay, Baja California, Mexico.
  • Whitehead, P.J.P., G.J. Nelson and T. Wongratana 1988 FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (Suborder Clupeoidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/2):305-579. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 189)   http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=189&speccode=4 External link.
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Eastern Pacific.
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Depth

Depth Range (m): 0 (G) - 18 (G)
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Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Analspines: 0; Analsoft rays: 27 - 34
  • Whitehead, P.J.P., G.J. Nelson and T. Wongratana 1988 FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (Suborder Clupeoidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/2):305-579. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 189)   http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=189&speccode=4 External link.
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Size

Length max (cm): 16.5 (S)
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Size

Maximum size: 133 mm SL
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Max. size

13.3 cm SL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 9298)); max. reported age: 6 years (Ref. 72482)
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Diagnostic Description

Moderately deep. Snout pointed, about 1/2 to 3/4 eye diameter; maxilla moderate, tip rather blunt, not reaching to hind border of pre-operculum; pseudobranch short, covered by skin; gill cover canals of panamensis-type. Anal fin origin a little before midpoint of dorsal fin base. A bright silver stripe along flank, often as wide as eye, not fading on preservation.
  • Whitehead, P.J.P., G.J. Nelson and T. Wongratana 1988 FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (Suborder Clupeoidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/2):305-579. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 189)   http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=189&speccode=4 External link.
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Ecology

Habitat

Environment

pelagic-neritic; brackish; marine; depth range 0 - 50 m (Ref. 189)
  • Whitehead, P.J.P., G.J. Nelson and T. Wongratana 1988 FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (Suborder Clupeoidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/2):305-579. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 189)   http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=189&speccode=4 External link.
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Depth range based on 4 specimens in 1 taxon.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 1.25 - 265

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 1.25 - 265
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Salinity: Marine, Marine Only

Inshore/Offshore: Inshore, Inshore Only

Water Column Position: Surface, Near Surface, Water column only

Habitat: Water column

FishBase Habitat: Pelagic
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Trophic Strategy

Feeding

Feeding Group: Planktivore

Diet: phytoplankton, zooplankton, pelagic fish eggs, pelagic fish larvae
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Life History and Behavior

Life Cycle

Oviparous (Ref. 35602).
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Life Expectancy

Lifespan, longevity, and ageing

Maximum longevity: 6 years (wild)
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Reproduction

Egg Type: Pelagic, Pelagic larva
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Anchoa compressa

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


There are 2 barcode sequences available from BOLD and GenBank.

Below is a sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species.

See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen and other sequences.

CCTATATCTTATTTTTGGTGCCTGAGCAGGAATAGTGGGGACAGCACTTAGCCTCCTTATTCGGGCAGAATTAAGCCAACCAGGAGCACTTCTGGGAGACGATCAAATTTATAATGTAATCGTGACTGCCCACGCATTCGTAATAATCTTTTTCATGGTAATGCCCATCTTAATCGGTGGGTTCGGGAATTGACTGGTTCCTTTAATACTAGGAGCCCCAGATATAGCATTCCCCCGAATGAACAACATAAGCTTTTGGCTGCTTCCTCCCTCGTTCCTTCTACTTCTCGCATCGTCTGGTGTTGAGGCGGGAGCTGGGACAGGGTGAACAGTATACCCGCCTCTAGCGGGAAACCTCGCCCACGCTGGAGCATCAGTAGACTTAACGATCTTTTCTCTTCACCTGGCAGGGATTTCATCAATTCTAGGTGCCATTAATTTTATTACTACCATCATTAACATGAAACCACCTGCCATTTCACAATACCAGACACCTCTATTTGTCTGAGCTGTGCTAATCACGGCAGTACTTTTACTTCTTTCCCTCCCCGTTCTAGCTGCTGGAATTACTATGCTTCTCACAGATCGAAACCTTAACACCACCTTCTTCGATCCAGCAGGGGGAGGAGACCCAATTCTTTATCAACACTTA
-- end --

Download FASTA File

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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Anchoa compressa

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 2
Specimens with Barcodes: 2
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List: Not evaluated / Listed

CITES: Not listed
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Threats

Not Evaluated
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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Importance

bait: usually
  • Whitehead, P.J.P. and R. Rodriguez-Sanchez 1995 Engraulidae. Anchoas, anchovetas. p. 1067-1087. In W. Fischer, F. Krupp, W. Schneider, C. Sommer, K.E. Carpenter and V. Niem (eds.) Guia FAO para Identification de Especies para lo Fines de la Pesca. Pacifico Centro-Oriental. 3 Vols. FAO, Rome. (Ref. 9298)   http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=9298&speccode=1666 External link.
  • Whitehead, P.J.P., G.J. Nelson and T. Wongratana 1988 FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (Suborder Clupeoidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/2):305-579. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 189)   http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=189&speccode=4 External link.
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