The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Barnes, R. 1987. Invertebrate Zoology. Orlando, Florida: Dryden Press.
  • Brusca, R., G. Brusca. 2003. Invertebrates. Sunderland, Massachusetts: Sinauer Associates, Inc..
  • Butler AJ, Rees T, Beesley P, Bax NJ. 2010. Marine Biodiversity in the Australian Region. PLoS ONE 5(8): e11831. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0011831
  • Cooke, A. H.; Shipley, A. E.; Reed, F. R. C. 1895. Molluscs; Brachiopods (Recent); Brachiopods (Fossil. London, England : Macmillan and Co. Cambridge Natural History, v.3; Figure 3
  • Jones, A., J. Baxter. 1987. Molluscs: Caudofoveata, Solenogastres, Polyplacophora and Scaphopoda. London: E. J. Brill and Dr. W. Backhuys.
  • Ponder, W., M. Shea, D. Beechey, R. McBain. 2000. "Aplacophora (the spicule worms)" (On-line). Shelled Marine Mollusks of Temperate Australia. Accessed February 07, 2005 at
  • Schander, C. 2000. "The Taxonomy of the Aplacophora (Chaetodermomorpha or Caudofoveata & Neomeniomorpha or Solenogastres), Sclerite-Bearing Deep-Sea Mollusks" (On-line). Accessed February 07, 2005 at
  • Scheltema, A. 2001. Aplacophora. Pp. 1-18 in A Wells, W Houston, eds. Zoological Catalogue of Australia, Vol. 17.2. Melbourne, Australia: CSIRO Publishing.


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