Comprehensive DescriptionRead full entry
BiologyInhabit shallow water over sandy substrates along the coasts and in estuaries (Ref. 12693). This species may enter lakes (Ref. 4323) and lower freshwater reaches of rivers (Ref. 12915). Adults are coastal inhabitants found on soft bottoms (Ref. 44894). Juveniles are found in brackish mangrove estuaries, sometimes enter fresh water (Ref. 2847, 44894) and tidal creeks (Ref. 44894). Feed on small crustaceans, polychaetes and forams on sand or muddy-sand bottoms (Ref. 12915), worms and insect larvae (Ref. 12693). Length at first reproduction was reported to be around 12 cm SL, for a population in a South African estuary (D. Woodland, pers.comm. 07/13). Salted or made into fish sauce.