Overview

Distribution

Range Description

The native range of this species includes Sudan, Ethiopia and Kenya.

Central Africa: According to FAO (2005), the species is introduced, probably by diffusion, at unknown date from Sudan to Congo. Its presence in Lower Guinea is not confirmed by museum records. The species is self reproducing and established in the wild according to FAO (2005) but no further details are provided.

Eastern Africa: It is known from the White Nile, and Lakes Albert and Turkana.

Northeast Africa:It is found in the Gahzal and Jebel systems, White Nile and Lake Nasser (also known as Lake Nubia), Sudan. It also occurs in the Blue Nile, Baro and Omo Rivers, Ethiopia.
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Physical Description

Size

Maximum size: 830 mm TL
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
Distichodus niloticus is a macro-herbivorous species and feeds on submerged water plants, Eichornia roots and periphyton. It is found in shallow inshore zones, especially in river deltas, but also sometimes in pelagic zones.This species is oviparous.

Systems
  • Freshwater
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Life History and Behavior

Life Expectancy

Lifespan, longevity, and ageing

Maximum longevity: 7.5 years (captivity)
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
LC
Least Concern

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2010

Assessor/s
Akinyi, E., Bousso, T., Getahun, A., Hanssens, M., Lalèyè, P., Moelants, T. & Twongo, T.

Reviewer/s
Snoeks, J., Tweddle, D., Getahun, A., Lalèyè, P., Paugy, D., Zaiss, R., Fishar, M.R.A & Brooks, E.

Contributor/s

Justification
This species has a wide distribution, with no known major widespread threats. It is therefore listed as Least Concern. It has also been assessed regionally as Least Concern for eastern and north eastern Africa.
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Population

Population
No information available.

Population Trend
Unknown
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Threats

Major Threats
This species experiences heavy fishing pressure in eastern Africa. Its habitat is also being degraded by agriculture.
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
No information available. Population trends should be monitored.
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