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Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Rare species (Ref. 9824). Found in sandy and muddy areas of the continental shelf (Ref. 5213). Feeds on benthic animals (Ref. 9824). Most sexually dimorphic characters develop at about 8 cm SL (Ref. 9824). Marketed fresh or used in making fish meal (Ref. 9824).
  • Hensley, D.A. 1986 Bothidae. p. 854-863. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. (Ref. 4417)
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Distribution

Indo-West Pacific: definitely recorded from Inhambane, Mozambique; throughout the Indian Ocean to Java, Sumatra, Viet Nam, Philippines, Taiwan, South Korea, Japan, and Lord Howe Island (Ref. 9824).
  • Hensley, D.A. 1986 Bothidae. p. 854-863. In M.M. Smith and P.C. Heemstra (eds.) Smiths' sea fishes. Springer-Verlag, Berlin. (Ref. 4417)
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Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, South Africa, Seychelles, Madagascar and Rodrigues (Mascarenes) east to Philippines, north to Korea and southern Japan, south to Lord Howe Island.
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Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 87 - 97; Analspines: 0; Analsoft rays: 61 - 73
  • Masuda, H., K. Amaoka, C. Araga, T. Uyeno and T. Yoshino 1984 The fishes of the Japanese Archipelago. Vol. 1. Tokai University Press, Tokyo, Japan. 437 p. (text). (Ref. 559)
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Size

Maximum size: 270 mm TL
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Max. size

27.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 9824))
  • Hensley, D.A. and K. Amaoka 2001 Bothidae. Lefteye flounders. p. 3799-3841. In K.E. Carpenter and V. Niem (eds.) FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the Western Central Pacific. Vol. 6. Bony fishes part 4 (Labridae to Latimeriidae), estuarine crocodiles. FAO, Rome. (Ref. 9824)
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Diagnostic Description

Description

Rare species (Ref. 9824). Found in sandy and muddy areas of the continental shelf (Ref. 5213). Feeds on bottom-living animals (Ref. 9824). Most sexually dimorphic characters develop at about 8 cm SL (Ref. 9824). Marketed fresh or used in making fish meal (Ref. 9824).
  • Anon. (1996). FishBase 96 [CD-ROM]. ICLARM: Los Baños, Philippines. 1 cd-rom pp.
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Source: World Register of Marine Species

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Distinguished by cycloid scales on the ocular side, except for upper and lower margins of body, and a shorter lower jaw (2.3 to 2.9 times in head length). Body almost circular in shape in young, becoming ovate with growth.
  • Masuda, H., K. Amaoka, C. Araga, T. Uyeno and T. Yoshino 1984 The fishes of the Japanese Archipelago. Vol. 1. Tokai University Press, Tokyo, Japan. 437 p. (text). (Ref. 559)
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Ecology

Habitat

Environment

demersal; marine; depth range 10 - 155 m (Ref. 9824)
  • Hensley, D.A. and K. Amaoka 2001 Bothidae. Lefteye flounders. p. 3799-3841. In K.E. Carpenter and V. Niem (eds.) FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the Western Central Pacific. Vol. 6. Bony fishes part 4 (Labridae to Latimeriidae), estuarine crocodiles. FAO, Rome. (Ref. 9824)
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Depth range based on 50 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 12 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 11 - 457
  Temperature range (°C): 10.376 - 26.559
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.070 - 20.784
  Salinity (PPS): 34.403 - 35.221
  Oxygen (ml/l): 3.331 - 4.979
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.121 - 1.510
  Silicate (umol/l): 0.869 - 36.806

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 11 - 457

Temperature range (°C): 10.376 - 26.559

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.070 - 20.784

Salinity (PPS): 34.403 - 35.221

Oxygen (ml/l): 3.331 - 4.979

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.121 - 1.510

Silicate (umol/l): 0.869 - 36.806
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Depth: 10 - 155m.
From 10 to 155 meters.

Habitat: demersal.
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Bothus myriaster

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 0
Specimens with Barcodes: 1
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
  • IUCN 2006 2006 IUCN red list of threatened species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded July 2006.
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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Importance

fisheries: commercial
  • Nielsen, J.G. 1984 Bothidae. In W. Fischer and G. Bianchi (eds.) FAO species identification sheets for fishery purposes. Western Indian Ocean fishing area 51. Vol. 1. FAO, Rome. pag. var. (Ref. 3322)
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