IUCN threat status:

Least Concern (LC)

Comprehensive Description

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  Common names: searobin (English), vaca (Espanol), cabrilla (Espanol), rubio (Espanol)
Bellator xenisma (Jordan & Bollman, 1890)

Splitnose searobin

A large, squarish, bony head that has many ridges and spines;  snout plates prolonged, forming a "scalloped" shovel-shaped extension on each side of snout tip; preopercular crest with 2 rear spines; a strong spine projecting laterally from cheek bone; narrow between eyes; mouth opens at front or slightly under snout; teeth on jaws and roof of mouth simple; two separate dorsal fins, X-XI + 10-11, 1st  spine longest, about half of head length; anal rays 11; pectoral fins short, 24-39 percent of SL, reaching origin of anal fin, 12 rays, with 2-3 enlarged, free rays at bottom of fin that are detached from main fin;  body with rough scales; rear flap of operculum without scales; nape not scaled;  breast and belly with small scales; pored lateral-line scales 35-40.

Mottled reddish brown with largely blackish or dark brown pectoral fins; a prominent ocellus between fourth and fifth dorsal spines.

Size: reaches at least 12.5 cm.

Inhabits sand-mud bottoms of trawling grounds.

Depth: 17-200 m.

The Gulf of California to northern Peru.


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© Shorefishes of the tropical eastern Pacific online information system. www.stri.org/sftep

Source: Shorefishes of the Tropical Eastern Pacific Online Information System

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