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Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Some individuals may migrate to the surface at night (Ref. 27000). Minimum depth reported taken from Ref. 27000. Feed mainly on myctophids (Ref. 47377).
  • Gibbs, R.H. Jr. 1990 Stomiidae. p. 296-299. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNECO, Paris. Vol. 1. (Ref. 4464)
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Distribution

Circumglobal in tropical and subtropical waters (Ref. 41299). Eastern Atlantic: Mauritania south to Angola. Also across the Atlantic between 0 and 20°N, extending to 35°N and 39°S in the western part (USA to Argentina). South China Sea, East China Sea and waters near to Taiwan (Ref.74511).
  • Gibbs, R.H. Jr. 1990 Stomiidae. p. 296-299. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNECO, Paris. Vol. 1. (Ref. 4464)
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41.8°N to Argentina
  • North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
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Source: World Register of Marine Species

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Circumglobal, including Red Sea.
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Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal soft rays (total): 17 - 20; Analsoft rays: 18 - 23
  • Bigelow, H.B., D.M. Cohen, M.M. Dick, R.H. Gibbs Jr., M. Grey, J.E. Morrow Jr., L.P. Schultz and V. Walters 1964 Fishes of the western North Atlantic. Part four. New Haven, Sears Found. Mar. Res., Yale Univ. (Ref. 37473)
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Size

Maximum size: 219 mm SL
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Max. size

21.9 cm SL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 13608))
  • Uyeno, T., K. Matsuura and E. Fujii (eds.) 1983 Fishes trawled off Suriname and French Guiana. Japan Marine Fishery Resource Research Center, Tokyo, Japan. 519 p. (Ref. 13608)
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Diagnostic Description

Small teeth on each side of mandibular symphysis. Small photophores in the body (Ref. 37473).
  • Bigelow, H.B., D.M. Cohen, M.M. Dick, R.H. Gibbs Jr., M. Grey, J.E. Morrow Jr., L.P. Schultz and V. Walters 1964 Fishes of the western North Atlantic. Part four. New Haven, Sears Found. Mar. Res., Yale Univ. (Ref. 37473)
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Type Information

Type for Stomias affinis
Catalog Number: USNM 92342
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Year Collected: 1908
Locality: Nogas Island (West), South 11 degrees East, 24 miles; Sulu Sea, Vicinity of Southern Panay, Panay, Visayas, Antique, Philippines, Philippine Archipelago, Sulu Sea, Pacific
Depth (m): 752 to 752
Vessel: Albatross
  • Type:
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© Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes

Source: National Museum of Natural History Collections

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Ecology

Habitat

nektonic
  • North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
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bathypelagic; marine ; depth range 0 - 3182 m
  • North-West Atlantic Ocean species (NWARMS)
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Environment

bathypelagic; marine; depth range 0 - 3182 m (Ref. 26165)
  • Weitkamp, D.E. and R.D. Sullivan 2003 Gas bubble disease in resident fish of the lower clark fork river. Trans. Am. Fish. Soc. 132(5):865-876. (Ref. 26165)
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Depth range based on 113 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 68 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 29 - 3206
  Temperature range (°C): 1.823 - 24.615
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.217 - 38.323
  Salinity (PPS): 34.373 - 36.687
  Oxygen (ml/l): 0.360 - 6.194
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.038 - 2.792
  Silicate (umol/l): 0.879 - 141.240

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 29 - 3206

Temperature range (°C): 1.823 - 24.615

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.217 - 38.323

Salinity (PPS): 34.373 - 36.687

Oxygen (ml/l): 0.360 - 6.194

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.038 - 2.792

Silicate (umol/l): 0.879 - 141.240
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Depth: 0 - 3182m.
Recorded at 3182 meters.

Habitat: bathypelagic. Mesopelagic species (Ref. 7300).
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Stomias affinis

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


No available public DNA sequences.

Download FASTA File
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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Stomias affinis

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 1
Specimens with Barcodes: 7
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
  • IUCN 2006 2006 IUCN red list of threatened species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded July 2006.
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