Data about <i>Gambusia affinis</i>

TraitBank assembles data records from many providers. Select a row for more details about the record, or search within Gambusia affinis.

Distribution

Data about <i>Gambusia affinis</i>
native range includes
Additional detail Armenia Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Mexico Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Mexico Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail USA Global Invasive Species Listings  
introduced range includes
Additional detail Afghanistan Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Afghanistan Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Albania Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Albania Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail American Samoa Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail American Samoa Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Argentina Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Argentina Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Armenia Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Asia Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Australia Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Bangladesh Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Bangladesh Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Bolivia Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Bolivia Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Bulgaria Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Cambodia Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Canada Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Canada Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Central Africa Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Central African Republic Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Chile Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Chile Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail China Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail China Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Comoros Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Cook Islands Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Cook Islands Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Cote d Ivoire (Ivory Coast) Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Cyprus Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Côte d'Ivoire Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail East Timor Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Egypt Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Egypt Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Fiji Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Fiji Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail France Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail France Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail French Polynesia Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail French Polynesia Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Georgia (Republic of) Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Ghana Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Ghana Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Greece Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Greece Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Guam Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Guam Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Hong Kong Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Hungary Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Hungary Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail India Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail India Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Indonesia Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Iran, Islamic Republic of Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Iraq Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Iraq Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Israel Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Israel Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Italy Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Italy Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Japan Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Japan Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Kazakhstan Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Kazakhstan Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Kenya Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Kenya Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Kiribati Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Laos Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Lebanon Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Madagascar Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Madagascar Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Malaysia Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Malaysia Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Marshall Islands Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Marshall Islands Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Mauritius Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Micronesia, Federated states of Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Morocco Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Morocco Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Myanmar Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Myanmar (Burma) Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail New Zealand Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail New Zealand Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Northern Mariana Islands Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Northern Mariana Islands Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Pacific Ocean Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Pakistan Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Pakistan Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Papua New Guinea Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Papua New Guinea Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Peru Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Peru Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Philippines Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Philippines Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Portugal Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Portugal Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Puerto Rico Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Puerto Rico Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Rodriguez Island Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Romania Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Romania Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Russian Federation Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Russian Federation Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Samoa Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Samoa Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Saudi Arabia Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Singapore Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Solomon Islands Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Solomon Islands Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail South Africa Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail South Africa Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Spain Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Spain Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Sri Lanka Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Sri Lanka Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Sudan Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Sudan Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Syria Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Syrian Arab Republic Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Taiwan Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Taiwan Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Thailand Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Thailand Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Turkey Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Turkey Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Ukraine Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Ukraine Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail United Arab Emirates Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail United States (USA) Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail United States Minor Outlying Islands Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Uzbekistan Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Viet Nam (Vietnam) Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Vietnam Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Yugoslavia (Serbia and Montenegro) Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Zimbabwe Global Invasive Species Listings  
  • latitude
    The geographic latitude (in decimal degrees, using the spatial reference system given in geodeticDatum) of the geographic center of a Location. Positive values are north of the Equator, negative values are south of it. Legal values lie between -90 and 90, inclusive.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/decimalLatitude
latitude min
Additional detail -34 degrees OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 51.18 degrees OBIS Environmental Information  
  • longitude
    The geographic longitude (in decimal degrees, using the spatial reference system given in geodeticDatum) of the geographic center of a Location. Positive values are east of the Greenwich Meridian, negative values are west of it. Legal values lie between -180 and 180, inclusive.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/decimalLongitude
longitude min
Additional detail -159 degrees OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 152.53 degrees OBIS Environmental Information  
geographic distribution includes
Additional detail Gulf of Mexico World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail New Zealand Exclusive Economic Zone World Register of Marine Species  
Additional detail North and Central America: Mississippi River basin from central Indiana and Illinois in USA south to Gulf of Mexico and Gulf Slope drainages west to Mexico. One of the species with the widest range of introductions which acquired for itself a near pan-global distribution (Ref. 1739). Several countries report adverse ecological impact after introduction. FishBase  
Additional detail North West Atlantic World Register of Marine Species  

Physical Description

Data about <i>Gambusia affinis</i>
body length (CMO)
Additional detail 7 cm female FishBase  
Additional detail 4.0 cm male or unsexed FishBase  

Ecology

Data about <i>Gambusia affinis</i>
habitat
Additional detail backwater
  • backwater
    An area of calm water unaffected by the current of a stream.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000472
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail bay Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail coast
  • coast
    The general region of indefinite width that extends from the sea inland to the first major change in terrain features.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000303
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail coast
  • coast
    The general region of indefinite width that extends from the sea inland to the first major change in terrain features.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000303
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail fishpond
  • fishpond
    A pond or lake used for the artificial culture of fish.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000056
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail fresh water Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail fresh water Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail freshwater habitat
  • freshwater habitat
    A habitat that is in or on a body of water containing low concentrations of dissolved salts and other total dissolved solids (<0.5 grams dissolved salts per litre).
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00002037
IUCN  
Additional detail lagoon
  • lagoon
    A sheet of saline water separated from the open sea by sand or shingle banks. The sheet of water between an offshore reef, especially of coral and mainland. The sheet of water within a ring or horseshoe shaped atoll.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000038
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail lake
  • lake
    A body of water or other liquid of considerable size contained on a body of land.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000020
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail Large river biome Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail marsh
  • marsh
    A wetland, featuring grasses, rushes, reeds, typhas, sedges, and other herbaceous plants (possibly with low-growing woody plants) in a context of shallow water.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000035
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail plateau
  • plateau
    An elevated and comparatively level expanse of land.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000182
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail pond
  • pond
    A body of water, usually of smaller size than a lake.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000033
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail river
  • river
    Natural freshwater surface streams of considerable volume and a permanent or seasonal flow, moving in a definite channel toward a sea, lake, or another river; any large streams, or ones larger than brooks or creeks, such as the trunk stream and larger branches of a drainage system.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000022
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail saline marsh
  • saline marsh
    A marsh whose water contains a considerable quantity of dissolved salts.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000054
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail saline marsh
  • saline marsh
    A marsh whose water contains a considerable quantity of dissolved salts.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000054
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail saline water Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail sand
  • sand
    A naturally occurring granular material composed of finely divided rock and mineral particles.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000017
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail savanna
  • savanna
    A grassland of the tropics or subtropics with scattered trees.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000261
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail sea grass bed
  • sea grass bed
    Seagrass beds are highly diverse and productive ecosystems, and can harbour hundreds of associated species from all phyla. They partly create their own habitat: the leaves slow down water-currents increasing sedimentation, and the seagrass roots and rhizomes stabilize the seabed.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000059
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail sea water Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail spring
  • spring
    A point where groundwater or steam flows out of the ground, and is thus where the aquifer surface meets the ground surface or where there is a fissure.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000027
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail stream
  • stream
    Linear body of water flowing on the Earth's surface.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000023
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail tributary
  • tributary
    A stream or river which flows into another river (a parent river) or body of water but which may not flow directly into the sea.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000495
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail wetland
  • wetland
    An area that is inundated or saturated by surface or ground water at a frequency and duration sufficient to support, and that under normal circumstances do support, a prevalence of vegetation typically adapted for life in saturated soil conditions.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000043
Environments - EOL project  
habitat
Additional detail brackish water environment FishBase  
Additional detail freshwater environment FishBase  
Additional detail freshwater environment FishBase  
Additional detail marine habitat
  • marine habitat
    A habitat that is in or on a sea or ocean containing high concentrations of dissolved salts and other total dissolved solids (typically >35 grams dissolved salts per litre).
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000569
IRMNG - Interim Register of Marine and Nonmarine Genera.  
Additional detail oceanic benthopelagic zone biome
  • oceanic benthopelagic zone biome
    The benthopelagic zone biome comprises regions of the marine water column which usually coincide with the benthic boundary layer (BBL) - the layer of isothermal and isohaline water contiguous to the sea floor. A general reversal in the declining gradient of pelagic biomass may be observed here, perhaps explained by viable nutrition on the sea floor being resuspended by bottom currents. This zone typically extends 100 m above the seafloor, but may reach upto1000 m during benthic storms.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_01000040
FishBase  
  • interacts with
    an organism has an effect on another organism in the community.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/interactsWithreverse
interacts with
Additional detail Black Swampsnake GloBI  
Additional detail Colubrids GloBI  
Additional detail Freshwater Mussel GloBI  
Additional detail Rainbow Mussel GloBI  
Additional detail Swamp Snake GloBI  
Additional detail Unionoidea GloBI  
Additional detail Villosa GloBI  
Additional detail Yabbie GloBI  
water depth min
Additional detail 0.05 m OBIS Environmental Information  
max Additional detail 2 m OBIS Environmental Information  

Life History and Behavior

Data about <i>Gambusia affinis</i>
total life span max
Additional detail 3 years AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
onset of fertility
Additional detail 90 days female AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
Additional detail 90 days male AnAge Database of Animal Ageing and Longevity  
life span max
Additional detail 3 years FishBase  

Conservation

Data about <i>Gambusia affinis</i>
population trend
Additional detail Stable IUCN  
conservation status
Additional detail least concern
  • least concern
    A taxon is Least Concern when it has been evaluated against the criteria and does not qualify for Critically Endangered, Endangered, Vulnerable or Near Threatened. Widespread and abundant taxa are included in this category.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/leastConcern
IUCN  
extinction status
Additional detail extant IRMNG - Interim Register of Marine and Nonmarine Genera.  

Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Data about <i>Gambusia affinis</i>
invasive in
Additional detail Australia Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Bolivia Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail Chile Global Invasive Species Listings  
Additional detail China Global Invasive Species Listings  

Database and Repository Coverage

Data about <i>Gambusia affinis</i>
type specimen repository
Additional detail National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution (USNM)
  • National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution (USNM)
    National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution (USNM), Washington, District of Columbia, USA. NMNH and USNM both refer to the National Museum of Natural History. Collections are associated with one or the other acronym. US, the US National Herbarium, is a collection within the National Museum of Natural History. URL for main institutional website: http://www.mnh.si.edu/rc/ URL for institutional specimen catalog: http://collections.mnh.si.edu/
    http://biocol.org/urn:lsid:biocol.org:col:34871
National Museum of Natural History Collections  
Additional detail National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution (USNM)
  • National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution (USNM)
    National Museum of Natural History, Smithsonian Institution (USNM), Washington, District of Columbia, USA. NMNH and USNM both refer to the National Museum of Natural History. Collections are associated with one or the other acronym. US, the US National Herbarium, is a collection within the National Museum of Natural History. URL for main institutional website: http://www.mnh.si.edu/rc/ URL for institutional specimen catalog: http://collections.mnh.si.edu/
    http://biocol.org/urn:lsid:biocol.org:col:34871
National Museum of Natural History Collections  

Other

Data about <i>Gambusia affinis</i>
pH min
Additional detail 6.0 FishBase  
max Additional detail 8.0 FishBase  

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