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| Common names: sand-perch (English), camotillo (Espanol), menta (Espanol), serrano (Espanol) |
Diplectrum pacificum Meek & Hildebrand, 1925
Pacific sand-perch, Inshore sand-perch
Moderately elongate and slender; angle of preoperculum a bluntly rounded bony spur with 5-8 long spines; gill rakers 15-24 (usually 15-22); dorsal rays X, 12-13; anal rays III,7-8; pectoral rays 16-18 (usually 17); snout and between eyes scaleless; scales moderately small, rough; pored lateral-line scales 47-51; midlateral scale rows 58-74; predorsal scales 11-19; 10-14 vertical scale rows on cheek.
Juveniles generally whitish with blackish midlateral stripe connected to intense black blotch on middle of caudal fin base; a second more diffuse blackish stripe on upper back; stripes of adults less apparent and replaced to certain extent by diffuse greyish bars; snout and cheek with orange spots; a large pale pink blotch on abdomen above and just in front of anus; top border of tail red, lower border white.
Grows to about 28 cm.
Inhabits mud-sand bottoms, sometimes close to weed-covered rocky reefs, but most frequently in 15- 30m. This is the most common shallow-water species in the region.
Depth: 1-90 m.
Southern Baja California and the Gulf of California to Peru.