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Overview

Comprehensive Description

Description

  Common names: flyingfish (English), volador (Espanol)
 
Cheilopogon atrisignis (Jenkins, 1903)

Glider flyingfish



Elongate, broadly cylindrical body that is relatively deep (depth < 16% of SL); head short, < 22% of SL; snout short and blunt; mouth small, jaws ~ equal length, or lower a little longer, top one not protrusible; jaw teeth with 1 point, sometimes with smaller secondary points; sides of roof of mouth with teeth; fins without spines; 14-16 dorsal rays; 9-10 anal rays; pectoral reaches past anal base, its 1st  ray unbranched; pelvic origin nearer operculum than base of tail fin, fin long, reaches past anal origin; anal origin under 6th  dorsal ray; tail deeply forked with a longer lower lobe; lateral line low on the body, no branch to origin of pectoral; scales large, smooth, easily shed; 33-34 scales in front of dorsal fin; juveniles with 2 fused barbels under chin.



Red-brown above, silver below;  dorsal grey with dark spot in middle; pectorals dark, with numerous small black spots, rear border narrowly clear; anal clear; tail grey-brown; pelvics rays grey, membrane clear.

        Size: 33 cm.

Habitat: surface pelagic, around offshore islands.

Depth: 0-5 m.

        Indo-Pacific; the Revillagigedos and the Galapagos.
   
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Biology

Found in neritic and oceanic waters (Ref. 30573). Capable of leaping out of the water and gliding for considerable distances above the surface.
  • Parin, N.V. 1996 On the species composition of flying fishes (Exocoetidae) in the West-Central part of tropical Pacific. J. Ichthyol. 36(5):357-364. (Ref. 27313)
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Distribution

Zoogeography

See Map (including site records) of Distribution in the Tropical Eastern Pacific 
 
Global Endemism: All species, TEP non-endemic, Indo-Pacific only (Indian + Pacific Oceans), "Transpacific" (East + Central &/or West Pacific)

Regional Endemism: All species, Eastern Pacific non-endemic, Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) non-endemic, Island (s), Island (s) only

Residency: Resident

Climate Zone: Northern Tropical (Mexican Province to Nicaragua + Revillagigedos), Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo)
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Indo-Pacific: Somalia and Madagascar to the Revillagigedo and Galapagos islands in the eastern Pacific. Absent from the inland seas of Indonesia and from Australian waters (Ref. 27313).
  • Parin, N.V. 1996 On the species composition of flying fishes (Exocoetidae) in the West-Central part of tropical Pacific. J. Ichthyol. 36(5):357-364. (Ref. 27313)
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Indo-Pacific: East Africa and Madagascar east to Hawaiian Islands and Central America, north to southern Japan.
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Depth

Depth Range (m): 0 (F) - 20 (F)
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Physical Description

Morphology

Size

Length max (cm): 33.0 (S)
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Size

Maximum size: 330 mm SL
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Max. size

33.0 cm SL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 9839))
  • Parin, N.V. 1999 Exocoetidae. Flyingfishes. p. 2162-2179. In K.E. Carpenter and V.H. Niem (eds.) FAO species identification guide for fishery purposes. The living marine resources of the WCP. Vol. 4. Bony fishes part 2 (Mugilidae to Carangidae). FAO, Rome. (Ref. 9839)
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Diagnostic Description

Description

Epipelagic in coastal waters. Capable of leaping out of the water and gliding for considerable distances above the surface.
  • Anon. (1996). FishBase 96 [CD-ROM]. ICLARM: Los Baños, Philippines. 1 cd-rom pp.
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Source: World Register of Marine Species

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Type Information

Type for Cheilopogon atrisignis
Catalog Number: USNM 50713
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Collector(s): O. Jenkins
Year Collected: 1889
Locality: Honolulu, Oahu, Hawaii, United States, Hawaiian Islands, Pacific
  • Type: Jenkins, O. P. 1903. Bulletin of the United States Fish Commission. 22 (for 1902): 436, pl. 111.
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Source: National Museum of Natural History Collections

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Ecology

Habitat

Environment

pelagic-oceanic; oceanodromous (Ref. 51243); marine; depth range 0 - 20 m
  • Riede, K. 2004 Global register of migratory species - from global to regional scales. Final Report of the R&D-Projekt 808 05 081. Federal Agency for Nature Conservation, Bonn, Germany. 329 p. (Ref. 51243)
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Depth range based on 1 specimen in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 1 sample.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 940 - 940
  Temperature range (°C): 7.068 - 7.068
  Nitrate (umol/L): 23.256 - 23.256
  Salinity (PPS): 35.116 - 35.116
  Oxygen (ml/l): 4.111 - 4.111
  Phosphate (umol/l): 1.562 - 1.562
  Silicate (umol/l): 17.553 - 17.553
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Depth: 0 - 20m.
Recorded at 20 meters.

Habitat: pelagic.
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Salinity: Marine, Marine Only

Inshore/Offshore: Offshore Only, Offshore

Water Column Position: Surface, Water column only

Habitat: Water column

FishBase Habitat: Pelagic
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Migration

Oceanodromous. Migrating within oceans typically between spawning and different feeding areas, as tunas do. Migrations should be cyclical and predictable and cover more than 100 km.
  • Riede, K. 2004 Global register of migratory species - from global to regional scales. Final Report of the R&D-Projekt 808 05 081. Federal Agency for Nature Conservation, Bonn, Germany. 329 p. (Ref. 51243)
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Trophic Strategy

Feeding

Feeding Group: Planktivore

Diet: zooplankton, pelagic fish eggs, pelagic fish larvae
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Life History and Behavior

Reproduction

Egg Type: Pelagic, Pelagic larva
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Cheilopogon atrisignis

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 0
Specimens with Barcodes: 1
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List: Not evaluated / Listed

CITES: Not listed
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Threats

Not Evaluated
  • IUCN 2006 2006 IUCN red list of threatened species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded July 2006.
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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Importance

fisheries: minor commercial; price category: medium; price reliability: very questionable: based on ex-vessel price for species in this family
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Disclaimer

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