Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Found in a small stream with clear, brownish and fast running water with deep bamboo forest on both banks, more than 80% shaded, with mud and small stones on the bottom.
  • Fang, F. 1998 Danio kyathit, a new species of cyprinid species from Myitkyina, northern Myanmar. Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 8(3):273-280. (Ref. 33084)
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Distribution

Range Description

D. kyathit is known from Upper parts of three right bank tributaries of the upper Irrawady near Myitkyina, the Hpa-Lap Chaung, Nogaung and Chindwin rivers in Myanmar.
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Northern Myanmar.
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Asia: upper parts of three right bank tributaries of the upper Ayeyarwaddy near Myitkyina, the Hpa-Lap Chaung, Mogaung and Chindwin rivers in Myanmar.
  • Fang, F. 1998 Danio kyathit, a new species of cyprinid species from Myitkyina, northern Myanmar. Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 8(3):273-280. (Ref. 33084)
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Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal soft rays (total): 9; Analsoft rays: 19 - 20; Vertebrae: 33
  • Fang, F. 1998 Danio kyathit, a new species of cyprinid species from Myitkyina, northern Myanmar. Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 8(3):273-280. (Ref. 33084)
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Size

Max. size

3.5 cm SL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 33084))
  • Fang, F. 1998 Danio kyathit, a new species of cyprinid species from Myitkyina, northern Myanmar. Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 8(3):273-280. (Ref. 33084)
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Diagnostic Description

Can be distinguished from all other Danio species by the combination of 5-7 dark, spotted or continuous horizontal stripes on the side of the body, incomplete lateral line, and two pairs of long barbels.
  • Fang, F. 1998 Danio kyathit, a new species of cyprinid species from Myitkyina, northern Myanmar. Ichthyol. Explor. Freshwat. 8(3):273-280. (Ref. 33084)
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
It inhabits small stream with clear or brownish and fast running water with deep bamboo forest on both banks, more than 80% shaded, with mud and small stones on the bottom.

Systems
  • Freshwater
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Environment

benthopelagic; freshwater
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Danio kyathit

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


There is 1 barcode sequence available from BOLD and GenBank.

Below is the sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species.

See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen.

Other sequences that do not yet meet barcode criteria may also be available.

AAAGATATTGGCACCCTCTATCTAGTATTTGGTGCCTGAGCCGGAATAGTAGGAACCGCTCTA---AGCCTTTTAATTCGGGCCGAACTAAGCCAGCCAGGAGCACTTCTTGGCGAT---GATCAAATTTATAATGTTATTGTTACTGCCCATGCCTTTGTAATAATTTTCTTTATAGTAATACCTATTCTTATTGGGGGTTTTGGAAACTGACTCGTGCCACTAATG---ATTGGGGCCCCAGACATGGCATTCCCACGAATAAATAATATAAGCTTTTGACTTCTGCCACCTTCATTCCTTCTCCTATTGGCCTCTTCTGGGGTTGAAGCGGGGGCTGGAACAGGATGAACAGTTTACCCACCCCTTGCAGGCAACCTCGCCCATGCAGGAGCATCCGTTGATTTA---ACGATTTTTTCCCTGCACTTAGCAGGTGTCTCATCAATTCTTGGAGCAATTAACTTTATTACTACCACAATTAACATGAAACCGCCAACTATCTCTCAGTATCAAACTCCACTATTCGTTTGAGCTGTTTTAGTGACTGCCGTACTTCTTCTTCTATCTTTACCTGTCTTAGCTGCC---GGAATTACAATACTTCTTACAGATCGTAATCTTAACACAACATTCTTTGACCCGGCAGGAGGGGGAGACCCAATCCTTTATCAACACTTGTTCTGATTTTTTGGTCAC
-- end --

Download FASTA File

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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Danio kyathit

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 9
Specimens with Barcodes: 9
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Barcode data: Danio aff. kyathit

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


No available public DNA sequences.

Download FASTA File
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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Danio aff. kyathit

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 5
Specimens with Barcodes: 5
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
NT
Near Threatened

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2010

Assessor/s
Vishwanath, W.

Reviewer/s
Barbhuiya, A.H., Juffe Bignoli, D., Rema Devi, K.R., Dahanukar, N. & Chaudhry, S.

Contributor/s
Molur, S.

Justification

Danio kyathit's extent of occurrence is small and it is restricted to less than five locations. There is not much information available on this species yet, but more research is recommended. However, based on its restricted distribution currently known and the potential threat from overexploitation due to its ornamental trade interest, the species is assessed as Near Threatened with recommendations for continuous monitoring on the situation as well as further distribution studies to reevaluate the status, as and when required.

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Population

Population
There is no information on the population and its trends for this species.

Population Trend
Unknown
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Threats

Major Threats
The species might potentially suffer from overexploitation due to its ornamental interest in the near future and habitat destruction caused by destructive fishing.
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Near Threatened (NT)
  • IUCN 2006 2006 IUCN red list of threatened species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded July 2006.
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
Habitat of D. kyathit is not protected. But there is a need for improved habitat protection at sites where this species is known to occur. Further survey work is needed to determine whether or not this species is experiencing a decline, or is undergoing extreme population fluctuations.
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Wikipedia

Danio kyathit

Danio kyathit is a small, schooling species of fish in the family Cyprinidae, native to Burma.[2] Described in 1998, it is closely related to the better-known zebrafish or zebra danio, D. rerio.

Description[edit]

The two morphs of Danio kyathit

A smallish cyprinoid with a maximum length of 6 centimetres (2.4 in), the females are thicker and less streamlined in the body than males. The two recognised colour morphs are a striped form known as the orange-finned danio, and a spotted form known by the common name ocelot danio, which may be confused with the leopard danio. Individual fish may show variations in markings intermediate to the spotted and striped forms.

In the aquarium[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Vishwanath, W. (2010). "Danio kyathit". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2012.1. International Union for Conservation of Nature. Retrieved 26 June 2012. 
  2. ^ Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2012). "Danio kyathit" in FishBase. June 2012 version.
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