Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Inhabits dimly-lit areas, clinging to walls or ceilings (Ref. 4785). Feeds on small invertebrates, especially harpacticoids (Ref. 4785).
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Distribution

Range Description

This species is endemic to the Mediterranean Sea. It has been recorded from the Balearic Islands (Spain), southern Sardinia, Tunisia, Israel, Lebanon, Cyprus, and southern Turkey. It is also in the Ligurian Sea (Tunesi and Molinari 2005).
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Mediterranean Sea: Balearic Islands (Spain), southern Sardinia, Algeria, Tunisia, Israel, Lebanon, Cyprus, and southern Turkey.
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Mediterranean Sea endemic.
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Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal spines (total): 17 - 19; Dorsal soft rays (total): 10 - 13; Analspines: 2; Analsoft rays: 22 - 25
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Size

Max. size

5.3 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 4785)); 4.5 cm NG (female)
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Diagnostic Description

Body permanently red in color, females and non-territorial males with marbled head; in territorial males black; slightly dark, vertical bars, often white spots and bars along back (Ref. 4785). Territorial males with prolonged rays in second dorsal (Ref. 4785).
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
A demersal species that inhabits dimly-lit areas, clinging to walls or ceilings (Zander 1986). It feeds on small invertebrates, especially harpacticoids (Zander 1986). Several females lay eggs on substrate of males' territory, often on sponges, eggs are guarded by the male (Zander 1986).

Systems
  • Marine
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Environment

demersal; marine
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Trophic Strategy

Inhabits dimly-lit areas, clinging to walls or ceilings. Feeds on small invertebrates, especially harpacticoids.
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Life History and Behavior

Life Cycle

Several females lay eggs on substrate of males' territory, often on sponges; eggs are guarded by the male (Ref. 4785).
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Tripterygion melanurus

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


There are 9 barcode sequences available from BOLD and GenBank.  Below is a sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species.  See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen and other sequences.

CAAATCTATAATGTAATCGTCACTGCACATGCTTTTGTCATGATCTTCTTTATAGTAATGCCCATCATGATTGGAGGCTTTGGCAACTGACTAATCCCTCTAATAATTGGAGCCCCTGACATGGCTTTCCCTCGAATAAACAACATGAGCTTCTGACTTTTACCTCCTTCTTTCCTTCTACTTTTAGCCTCCTCTGGCGTTGAGGCTGGTGCTGGCACAGGGTGAACAGTATATCCTCCTTTATCAGGCAACCTCGCACACGCCGGGGCCTCGGTAGATCTCACTATTTTCTCCCTCCACTTAGCAGGCATTTCTTCTATCCTAGGGGCCATTAACTTTATTACTACCATTATTAACATGAAACCTGCTGCTATCTCCCAATATCAAACCCCTTTATTTGTATGAGCAGTCCTTATCACGGCAGTACTCCTTCTTCTTTCTCTCCCCGTACTAGCCGCCGGCATTACAATACTTCTCACAGATCGAAATTTAAACACTACCTTCTTTGACCCTGCCGGGGGAGGCGATCCCATTCTC
-- end --

Download FASTA File
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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Tripterygion melanurus

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 9
Specimens with Barcodes: 9
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
LC
Least Concern

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2011

Assessor/s
Yokes, B., Pollard, D., Kara, M.H. & Francour, P. and Goren, M.

Reviewer/s
Livingstone, S. & Polidoro, B. and Carpenter, K.

Contributor/s

Justification
This species is widespread and relatively common in the Mediterranean. Currently it is not threatened and is assessed as Least Concern.
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Population

Population
This species is not very common in Levant, but is common in Aegean and northwestern Mediterranean.

Population Trend
Stable
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Threats

Major Threats
There are no known major threats for this species. It does not have any commercial interest and is not caught by any fishing techniques.
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Least Concern (LC)
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
There are no species specific conservation measures. However this species is found in Marine Protected Areas.
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Wikipedia

Tripterygion melanurus

Tripterygion melanurus is a species triplefins, widespread in the Mediterranean Sea near the Balearic Islands, southern Sardinia, Algeria, Tunisia, Israel, Lebanon, Cyprus, and southern Turkey.[1] Marine subtropical demersal fish, up to 5.3 cm length.

References

  1. ^ Tripterygion melanurus at www.fishbase.org.
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