Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Found along the reef's edge, bordering on open sand substrates (Ref. 48635). Mostly pelagic until they settle on the substrate for breeding (Ref. 48635). Females carry the eggs in their pelvic fins that are modified to form a brood pouch (Ref. 205).
  • Kuiter, R.H. and T. Tonozuka 2001 Pictorial guide to Indonesian reef fishes. Part 1. Eels- Snappers, Muraenidae - Lutjanidae. Zoonetics, Australia. 302 p. (Ref. 48635)
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Distribution

Indo-West Pacific: Mauritius, Japan, Indonesia and Australia.
  • Kuiter, R.H. and T. Tonozuka 2001 Pictorial guide to Indonesian reef fishes. Part 1. Eels- Snappers, Muraenidae - Lutjanidae. Zoonetics, Australia. 302 p. (Ref. 48635)
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Western North Pacific.
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Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal spines (total): 5; Dorsal soft rays (total): 18 - 21; Analsoft rays: 18 - 21
  • Allen, G.R. and M.V. Erdmann 2012 Reef fishes of the East Indies. Perth, Australia: Universitiy of Hawai'i Press, Volumes I-III. Tropical Reef Research. (Ref. 90102)
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Size

Max. size

10.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 48635))
  • Kuiter, R.H. and T. Tonozuka 2001 Pictorial guide to Indonesian reef fishes. Part 1. Eels- Snappers, Muraenidae - Lutjanidae. Zoonetics, Australia. 302 p. (Ref. 48635)
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Diagnostic Description

Description: Characterized by generally reddish or red brown to dark brown color with whitish mottling, irregular spots and patches; middle of side usually with horizontal whitish streak; body depth 11.8-19.1 % SL; least snout depth 4.9-6.1 % SL; depth of caudal peduncle 3.8-7.4 % SL; length of caudal peduncle 4.8-12.4 % SL; length of caudal fin 28.8-42.6 % SL (Ref 90102).
  • Allen, G.R. and M.V. Erdmann 2012 Reef fishes of the East Indies. Perth, Australia: Universitiy of Hawai'i Press, Volumes I-III. Tropical Reef Research. (Ref. 90102)
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Ecology

Habitat

Environment

reef-associated; marine, usually 15 - ? m (Ref. 48635)
  • Kuiter, R.H. and T. Tonozuka 2001 Pictorial guide to Indonesian reef fishes. Part 1. Eels- Snappers, Muraenidae - Lutjanidae. Zoonetics, Australia. 302 p. (Ref. 48635)
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Life History and Behavior

Life Cycle

Pelvic fins of females are modified as brood pouch for the reception of the eggs (Ref. 205).
  • Breder, C.M. and D.E. Rosen 1966 Modes of reproduction in fishes. T.F.H. Publications, Neptune City, New Jersey. 941 p. (Ref. 205)
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
  • IUCN 2006 2006 IUCN red list of threatened species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded July 2006.
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