Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Generally found in surface waters near the coast (Ref. 5217). Capable of leaping out of the water and gliding for long distances above the surface (Ref. 3613).
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Distribution

Western Atlantic: Gulf Stream waters off Massachusetts, USA to southern Brazil. Caribbean including Antilles (Ref. 26938). Eastern Atlantic: Senegal to Liberia (Ref. 4498). Northwest Atlantic: Canada (Ref. 5951). Reported from Sao Tome Island (Ref. 34088).
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Physical Description

Size

Maximum size: 320 mm TL
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Max. size

32.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 5217))
  • Cervigón, F., R. Cipriani, W. Fischer, L. Garibaldi, M. Hendrickx, A.J. Lemus, R. Márquez, J.M. Poutiers, G. Robaina and B. Rodriguez 1992 Fichas FAO de identificación de especies para los fines de la pesca. Guía de campo de las especies comerciales marinas y de aquas salobres de la costa septentrional de Sur América. FAO, Rome. 513 p. Preparado con el financiamento de la Comisión de Comunidades Europeas y de NORAD. (Ref. 5217)   http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=5217&speccode=7 External link.
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Ecology

Habitat

Environment

pelagic-neritic; oceanodromous; marine
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Depth range based on 33 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 18 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 2.5 - 4572
  Temperature range (°C): 2.258 - 27.023
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.176 - 24.652
  Salinity (PPS): 34.894 - 36.324
  Oxygen (ml/l): 2.270 - 6.091
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.087 - 1.751
  Silicate (umol/l): 1.328 - 35.110

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 2.5 - 4572

Temperature range (°C): 2.258 - 27.023

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.176 - 24.652

Salinity (PPS): 34.894 - 36.324

Oxygen (ml/l): 2.270 - 6.091

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.087 - 1.751

Silicate (umol/l): 1.328 - 35.110
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Migration

Oceanodromous. Migrating within oceans typically between spawning and different feeding areas, as tunas do. Migrations should be cyclical and predictable and cover more than 100 km.
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Importance

fisheries: minor commercial; price category: medium; price reliability: very questionable: based on ex-vessel price for species in this family
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Wikipedia

Atlantic flyingfish

The Atlantic flyingfish (Cheilopogon melanurus) is a flying fish in the family Exocoetidae. It was first described by the French zoologist, Achille Valenciennes in a 22-volume work entitled Histoire naturelle des poissons (Natural History of Fish), which was a collaboration with fellow zoologist, Georges Cuvier.

Description[edit]

When an Atlantic flyingfish flies, it can make a distinctive pattern in the water with the beating of its tail.

Like many other flyingfishes, the Atlantic flyingfish has a cylindrical body, and large tail and pectoral fins that it uses for flight. To fly, the Atlantic flyingfish jumps out of the water, uses its pectoral fins to catch air currents and provide lift, and beats its tail back and forth to provide thrust.[1] The longest recorded individual was 32 cm long,[2] but most adults are roughly 25 cm long.[1] Atlantic flyingfish are generally green to blue dorsally, and white or silver ventrally.[1] After reaching a speed of 30 km/h,[3]:124 Atlantic flyingfish can jump out of the water and glide about 3 to 12 m.[3]:32 This is presumably done to avoid ocean-going predators.[4]

Distribution and habitat[edit]

As its name suggests, the Atlantic flyingfish is only found in the pelagic zone to the neritic zone[5] in the ocean it is named for. In the western Atlantic, they are known to live in Gulf Stream waters from Massachusetts south to Brazil.[5] They are found in the Caribbean Sea and around the Antilles,[6] while in the north, they are found off the coast of Canada.[7] Off Africa, Atlantic flyingfish are known from Senegal to Liberia,[8] and have been reported from São Tomé and Príncipe.[9] They are found in surface waters near shore,[2] where Atlantic flyingfish are preyed upon by several species of larger fishes and seabirds, such as the Wahoo[10] and Sooty tern.[11] Young Atlantic flyingfish up to 15 centimetres (5.9 in) in length have transparent pectorals and often swim in harbors or bays.[3]:124

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Atlantic Flying Fish". animalexploration.tripod.com. Archived from the original on 20 May 2009. Retrieved 2009-06-21. 
  2. ^ a b Cervigón, F., R. Cipriani, W. Fischer, L. Garibaldi, M. Hendrickx, A.J. Lemus, R. Márquez, J.M. Poutiers, G. Robaina and B. Rodriguez 1992 Fichas FAO de identificación de especies para los fines de la pesca. Guía de campo de las especies comerciales marinas y de aquas salobres de la costa septentrional de Sur América. FAO, Rome. 513 p. Preparado con el financiamento de la Comisión de Comunidades Europeas y de NORAD.
  3. ^ a b c Stokes, F. Joseph (1994) [1984]. Divers and Snorkelers Guide to the Fishes and Sea Life. Singapore: The Academy of Natural Sciences of Philadelphia. ISBN 0-910006-46-6. Retrieved 2009-06-22. 
  4. ^ "Flyingfish". Retrieved 2009-06-30. 
  5. ^ a b Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2009). "Cheilopogon melanurus" in FishBase. 05 2009 version.
  6. ^ Smith, C.L. 1997 National Audubon Society field guide to tropical marine fishes of the Caribbean, the Gulf of Mexico, Florida, the Bahamas, and Bermuda. Alfred A. Knopf, Inc., New York. 720 p.
  7. ^ Scott, W.B. and M.G. Scott 1988 Atlantic fishes of Canada. Can. Bull. Fish. Aquat. Sci. 219: 731 p
  8. ^ Parin, N.V. and R.H. Gibbs, Jr. 1990 Exocoetidae. p. 583-591. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2.
  9. ^ Afonso, P., F.M. Porteiro, R.S. Santos, J.P. Barreiros, J. Worms and P. Wirtz 1999 Coastal marine fishes of São Tomé Island (Gulf of Guinea). Arquipélago 17(A):65-92.
  10. ^ Manooch, C.S. III and W.T. Hogarth 1983 Stomach contents and giant trematodes from wahoo, Acanthocybium solanderi, collected along the south Atlantic and coasts of the United States. Bull. Mar. Sci. 33(2):227-238.
  11. ^ Hensley, V.I. and D. A. Hensley 1995 Fishes eaten by sooty terns and brown noddies in the Dry Tortugas, Florida. Bull. Mar. Sci. 56(3):813-821.
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