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Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Inhabits coastal areas, primarily around coral reefs. Found in schools in deep lagoons and along seaward reefs (Ref. 9710), mixing with other species of fusiliers (Ref. 48636). Juveniles used as tuna bait fish. Oviparous, with small pelagic eggs (Ref. 402).
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Distribution

Indo-West Pacific: Red Sea and East Africa to Samoa, north to southern Japan, south to New Caledonia. Absent in the Arabian (Persian) Gulf.
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Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa and Mascarenes east to Marshall, Tuamotu and Marquesas islands, north to southern Japan, south to off northwestern Australia, Queensland (Australia), New Caledonia and Tonga.
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Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal spines (total): 10; Dorsal soft rays (total): 14 - 16; Analspines: 3; Analsoft rays: 12 - 13
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Size

Maximum size: 350 mm TL
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Max. size

35.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 402))
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Diagnostic Description

Description

Inhabits coastal areas, primarily around coral reefs.
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Source: World Register of Marine Species

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With 3-5 scales on cheek; 22-25 predorsal scales; dorsal and anal fins scaled. Supra-temporal band of scales often interrupted by a V-shaped scaleless zone anteriorly at midline. Upper peduncular scale rows usually 11 (10-12); lower peduncular scale rows usually 15 (14-15). A small process on each ventrolateral surface of basioccipital for attachment of Baudelot's ligament, a prominent concavity on ventral surface of basioccipital separating it from condyle. Post maxillary process single; posterior end of maxilla blunt. Color: Upper body bluish, lower body white to pale bluish. Golden band from above the eye, running straight along the body to upper caudal peduncle and continuing on the caudal fin to the tip of the upper lobe, becoming near black on the fin. A second similar streak in lower lobe (Ref. 48636). Head length 2.7-3.4 in SL; body depth 2.2-3.1 in SL (Ref. 90102).
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Ecology

Habitat

Depth range based on 27 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 14 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 2.25 - 42
  Temperature range (°C): 25.709 - 29.205
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.116 - 1.008
  Salinity (PPS): 32.279 - 35.312
  Oxygen (ml/l): 4.482 - 4.727
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.100 - 0.327
  Silicate (umol/l): 0.721 - 4.452

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 2.25 - 42

Temperature range (°C): 25.709 - 29.205

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.116 - 1.008

Salinity (PPS): 32.279 - 35.312

Oxygen (ml/l): 4.482 - 4.727

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.100 - 0.327

Silicate (umol/l): 0.721 - 4.452
 
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Environment

reef-associated; non-migratory; marine; depth range 1 - 50 m (Ref. 30874)
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Depth range based on 27 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 14 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 2.25 - 42
  Temperature range (°C): 25.709 - 29.205
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.116 - 1.008
  Salinity (PPS): 32.279 - 35.312
  Oxygen (ml/l): 4.482 - 4.727
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.100 - 0.327
  Silicate (umol/l): 0.721 - 4.452

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 2.25 - 42

Temperature range (°C): 25.709 - 29.205

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.116 - 1.008

Salinity (PPS): 32.279 - 35.312

Oxygen (ml/l): 4.482 - 4.727

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.100 - 0.327

Silicate (umol/l): 0.721 - 4.452
 
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Depth: 5 - 50m.
From 5 to 50 meters.

Habitat: reef-associated.
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Trophic Strategy

Schools together with C. varilineata, C. striata, and Pterecaesio tile (Ref. 402).
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Life History and Behavior

Life Cycle

Mating behavior is marked by six distinguishable patterns, namely: 1) nuzzling; 2) several males joining in courtship; 3) spiraling towards the surface; 4) pair spawning; 5) sperm release by sneakers; and 6) post spawning.Nuzzling is done about 1-1.5 hours before spawning. For most of the day the fish swam slowly in school. At nearly spawning time, one or two males approach a selected female and begin pecking and pushing her swollen abdomen with their snouts. Interruption happens at this stage resulting in spawners returning to the school. With less than an hour until spawning, 2-6 males may attempt to get their abdomen as close to the female's abdomen as possible. For the pair that completes this position, a spiraling ascent to the surface occurs followed by a release of both eggs and sperm while other males come in pursuit. These sneakers release sperm at the same spot where the initial pair had released their gametes. Some spawnings may occur without sneakers getting involved in the process (Ref. 37498).
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Caesio caerulaurea

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


There are 15 barcode sequences available from BOLD and GenBank.

Below is a sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species.

See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen and other sequences.

CTTTATCTAGTATTTGGTGCTTGAGCTGGAATGGTAGGCACTGCATTA---AGCCTACTCATTCGAGCAGAACTCAGCCAACCAGGAGCTCTTCTTGGAGAC---GACCAAATTTACAATGTAATTGTTACAGCACATGCGTTTGTAATAATTTTCTTTATAGTAATGCCAATTATGATCGGAGGATTCGGGAACTGACTGATCCCACTAATG---ATCGGAGCTCCCGATATGGCATTTCCCCGAATAAATAATATGAGCTTTTGACTCCTCCCCCCATCCTTCCTACTCCTGCTTGCCTCCTCTGGCGTAGAGGCCGGGGCCGGGACTGGGTGAACAGTATATCCCCCGCTAGCAGGAAACCTAGCACACGCAGGAGCATCTGTTGACCTG---ACCATTTTCTCCCTCCACTTAGCAGGTGTTTCCTCAATTCTTGGGGCTATTAACTTTATCACAACAATCATCAATATGAAACCCCCTGCAATTTCCCAATATCAGACACCCCTGTTTGTTTGAGCCGTCCTAATTACTGCTGTTCTGCTCCTTCTTTCCCTCCCAGTTCTAGCAGCC---GGAATTACAATGCTTCTTACAGACCGAAACCTAAACACCACCTTCTTCGACCCAGCGGGAGGAGGAGACCCCATCCTCTACCAACACCTC
-- end --

Download FASTA File

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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Caesio caerulaurea

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 22
Specimens with Barcodes: 47
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Threats

Least Concern (LC)
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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Importance

fisheries: commercial; bait: occasionally
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Wikipedia

Caesio caerulaurea

The blue and gold fusilier, blue fusilier, gold-band fusilier or scissor-tailed fusilier, Caesio caerulaurea, is a species of marine fish in the family Caesionidae. It is widespread throughout the tropical waters of the Indo-Pacific area, including the Red Sea.[2] This fish can reach a maximum size of 35 cm in length, but its common length is 23.5 cm.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Fricke, R. 2010. Caesio caerulaurea. In: IUCN 2013. IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. Version 2013.1. <www.iucnredlist.org>. Downloaded on 07 September 2013.
  2. ^ http://eol.org/pages/217409/details#distribution
  3. ^ http://www.fishbase.org/summary/918
Caesio caerulaurea
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