Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Adults are found in silty coastal waters and protected bays where visibility is often reduced. Usually found in pairs (Ref. 48636). Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Eggs are demersal and adhere to the substrate (Ref. 205). Males guard and aerate the eggs (Ref. 205). Associated with the anemones: Entacmaea quadricolor and Heteractis crispa (Ref. 5911). Has been reared in captivity (Ref. 35413, 35420).
  • Allen, G.R. 1991 Damselfishes of the world. Mergus Publishers, Melle, Germany. 271 p. (Ref. 7247)
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Distribution

Eastern Indian Ocean: Andaman and Nicobar Islands, Thailand, Malaysia, and Java and Sumatra in Indonesia.
  • Allen, G.R. 1991 Damselfishes of the world. Mergus Publishers, Melle, Germany. 271 p. (Ref. 7247)
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Eastern Indian Ocean.
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Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal spines (total): 10 - 11; Dorsal soft rays (total): 16 - 18; Analspines: 2; Analsoft rays: 13 - 14
  • Allen, G.R. 1991 Damselfishes of the world. Mergus Publishers, Melle, Germany. 271 p. (Ref. 7247)
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Size

Maximum size: 140 mm NG
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Max. size

14.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 9710)); max. reported age: 16 years (Ref. 72479)
  • Hinton 1962 Horned shark, gar, mormyriad, characin, carp, armored catfish, arowana, upside down catfish. Not given. (Ref. 72479)
  • Lieske, E. and R. Myers 1994 Collins Pocket Guide. Coral reef fishes. Indo-Pacific & Caribbean including the Red Sea. Haper Collins Publishers, 400 p. (Ref. 9710)
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Diagnostic Description

Description: Orange with a black blotch below the anterior portion of the soft dorsal fin which varies in size from about twice the eye diameter to almost covering whole posterior half of the body. Juveniles lack the black blotch but have a white bar running just behind the head (Ref. 7247). Body depth 1.7-2.0 in SL (Ref. 90102).
  • Allen, G.R. 1991 Damselfishes of the world. Mergus Publishers, Melle, Germany. 271 p. (Ref. 7247)
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Description

Found in silty coastal waters and protected bays where visibility is often reduced. Associated with the anemones @Heteractis crispa@, @Entacmaea quadricolor@, and @Stichodactylus spp.@.
  • Anon. (1996). FishBase 96 [CD-ROM]. ICLARM: Los Baños, Philippines. 1 cd-rom pp.
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Type Information

Holotype for Amphiprion ephippium
Catalog Number: USNM 197554
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Preparation: Illustration
Collector(s): W. Klausewitz & Senckenberg Museum, Frankfurt, Germany
Locality: Indian Ocean, Indian
  • Holotype: Schultz, L. P. 1966. Ichthyologica; The Aquarium Journal. 37 (2): 71-76.
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Paratype for Amphiprion ephippium
Catalog Number: USNM 231708
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Collector(s): W. Klausewitz & Senckenberg Museum, Frankfurt, Germany
Locality: Indian Ocean, Indian
  • Paratype: Schultz, L. P. 1966. Ichthyologica; The Aquarium Journal. 37 (2): 71-76.
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Ecology

Habitat

Environment

reef-associated; non-migratory; marine; depth range 2 - 15 m (Ref. 9710)
  • Lieske, E. and R. Myers 1994 Collins Pocket Guide. Coral reef fishes. Indo-Pacific & Caribbean including the Red Sea. Haper Collins Publishers, 400 p. (Ref. 9710)
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Depth range based on 3 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 3 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 2 - 18
  Temperature range (°C): 27.544 - 28.783
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.195 - 0.576
  Salinity (PPS): 32.276 - 35.219
  Oxygen (ml/l): 4.149 - 4.719
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.100 - 0.380
  Silicate (umol/l): 0.721 - 6.058

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 2 - 18

Temperature range (°C): 27.544 - 28.783

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.195 - 0.576

Salinity (PPS): 32.276 - 35.219

Oxygen (ml/l): 4.149 - 4.719

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.100 - 0.380

Silicate (umol/l): 0.721 - 6.058
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Depth: 2 - 15m.
From 2 to 15 meters.

Habitat: reef-associated.
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Life History and Behavior

Life Cycle

Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Eggs are demersal and adhere to the substrate (Ref. 205). Males guard and aerate the eggs (Ref. 205). Also Ref. 7471.
  • Thresher, R.E. 1984 Reproduction in reef fishes. T.F.H. Publications, Inc. Ltd., Neptune City, New Jersey. 399 p. (Ref. 240)
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Life Expectancy

Lifespan, longevity, and ageing

Maximum longevity: 16 years (wild)
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Amphiprion ephippium

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


No available public DNA sequences.

Download FASTA File
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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Amphiprion ephippium

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 1
Specimens with Barcodes: 1
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
  • IUCN 2006 2006 IUCN red list of threatened species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded July 2006.
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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Importance

aquarium: commercial
  • Baensch, H.A. 1992 Neue Meerwasser-Praxis. Tetra Verlag, Melle, Germany. (Ref. 7309)
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Wikipedia

Red saddleback anemonefish

The red saddleback anemonefish, Amphiprion ephippium, also known as the saddle anemonefish, is a clownfish that lives in the Indo-Pacific area. They are very colorful fish blazing bright red with a black area near the Dorsal fin.

References


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