Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Found on coastal waters. Occurs solitary or in small groups in seagrass habitats, inshore or in estuaries (Ref. 48635). Benthic (Ref. 75154). Largest shrimpfish (Ref. 48635).
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Distribution

Indo-West Pacific: Indonesia, New Caledonia and northern Australia.
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Western Pacific.
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Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal spines (total): 3; Dorsal soft rays (total): 12; Analsoft rays: 13 - 14
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Size

Maximum size: 300 mm ---
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Max. size

30.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 7292))
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Diagnostic Description

Main dorsal spine rigid, without joint. Dusky to yellow mid-lateral stripe and adults with several blue bars along upper sides (Ref. 48635).Description: Characterized by extremely thin or flattened and nearly transparent body with yellow-brown stripe from snout, through eye, to base of caudal fin; horizontal first dorsal spine, projecting beyond tail tip, without movable segment posteriorly; interorbital convex without groove (Ref 90102).
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Ecology

Habitat

Environment

reef-associated; brackish; marine; depth range 0 - 10 m (Ref. 90102)
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Centriscus cristatus

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 0
Specimens with Barcodes: 4
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
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Wikipedia

Centriscus cristatus

Centriscus cristatus, also known as the smooth razorfish,is the tallest member of the family Centriscidae of the order Syngnathiformes.

Description[edit]

The smooth razorfish possesses a body at the same time very stretched and compressed laterally, it can reach a size of maximum 30 cm.[2] Its snout is long and tubular. Its fins are translucent and the dorsal spine is rigid. Its body coloration is bright silver with a dusky to yellow middle line and with bluish streaks perpendicular to the median line.[3]

Distribution & habitat[edit]

Centriscus cristatus is found in the central Indo-Pacific area between in the west the western Indonesia until the Marshall Islands to the east, and the Australian shore (west, north and east) New-Caledonia included for the southern limit to the south Japan in the northern limit. It likes shallow coastal waters and estuaries until 10 m depth.[4]

Biology[edit]

It occurs solitary or in small groups,swimming head down but can adopted an horizontal fast swimming posture in case of danger. It feeds on small planktonic crustaceans, particularly ampipoda and mysids.[3]


References[edit]

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ Grant, E.M., 1986. Guide to fishes. Reprinted edition. The Department of Harbours and Marine. Brisbane, Queensland. 896 p.
  3. ^ a b Thompson, Vanessa; Bray, Dianne. "Smooth Razorfish, Centriscus cristatus". Fishes of Australia. Retrieved 16 September 2014. 
  4. ^ Allen, G.R. and M.V. Erdmann, 2012. Reef fishes of the East Indies. Perth, Australia: Universitiy of Hawai'i Press, Volumes I-III. Tropical Reef Research.
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