Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Littoral species that inhabit rocky reefs (Ref. 10797). Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Eggs are demersal and adhere to the substrate (Ref. 205). Males guard and aerate the eggs (Ref. 205).
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Distribution

Eastern Atlantic: Senegal to Benin (Ref. 10797), including Cape Verde, Ilheu das Rolas, and São Tomé.
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Eastern Atlantic: Senegal to Benin, including Cape Verde Islands.
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Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal spines (total): 13; Dorsal soft rays (total): 14; Analspines: 2; Analsoft rays: 13
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Size

Maximum size: 200 mm NG
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Max. size

20.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 27000))
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Ecology

Habitat

Environment

reef-associated; marine
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Depth range based on 3 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 2 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 6.5 - 187
  Temperature range (°C): 26.960 - 26.960
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.498 - 0.498
  Salinity (PPS): 34.192 - 34.192
  Oxygen (ml/l): 4.578 - 4.578
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.284 - 0.284
  Silicate (umol/l): 4.892 - 4.892

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 6.5 - 187
 
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Life History and Behavior

Life Cycle

Oviparous, distinct pairing during breeding (Ref. 205). Eggs are demersal and adhere to the substrate (Ref. 205). Males guard and aerate the eggs (Ref. 205).
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
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Disclaimer

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