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| Common names: bass (English), cabrilla (Espanol) |
Hemanthias signifer (Garman, 1899)
Hookthroat bass, Damsel bass, Damsel thread-fin bass
Body elongate, compressed; head short, compressed; eye large; mouth strongly oblique, without accessory bone above top jaw bone; canine teeth at front of mouth; teeth on center and sides of roof of mouth; preopercle margin serrated above and below; adults with pointed, hook-like spine at front of throat where it joins base of gill arches; 33-38 gill rakers; dorsal with X spines, 3rd spine long, filamentous, 13-14 rays; anal III, 7-9; pectoral 18-20 rays; pelvics long; tail weakly forked, outer rays longest in adults and juveniles; scales small, rough, 7-8 rows between 5th dorsal fin and lateral line; top jaw and most of snout and area between eyes scaleless; 59-69 scales on lateral line.
Head, body and fins pink; yellow stripe from snout under eye, can extend to edge opercle; yellow spots on upper operculum; sometimes yellow spots on lower flank; dorsal and anal pink, yellow margin; tail pink, upper and lower margins yellow; pelvics pink, yellow tips; pectoral yellowish.
Size: 42 cm.
Habitat: demersal on rocky reefs.
Depth: 25-305 m.
Southern California and the lower ¾ of the Gulf of California to Peru and Malpelo.