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Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Occurs in outer reef slopes. A nocturnal species that feeds mainly on benthic crabs and shrimps. Spine of preopercle venomous.
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Distribution

Indo-Pacific: Red Sea and Natal, South Africa (Ref. 4201) to the Marquesan Islands, north to southern Japan and the Ogasawara Islands, south to New South Wales, Australia.
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Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: Natal (South Africa), Seychelles, Comores and western Mascarenes east to Marquesas Islands, south to New South Wales (Australia).
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Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal spines (total): 11; Dorsal soft rays (total): 13 - 14; Analspines: 4; Analsoft rays: 8 - 10
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Size

Maximum size: 200 mm NG
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Max. size

20.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 9710))
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Diagnostic Description

Body with red and white stripes following the scale rows, the red stripes slightly narrower than the white ones (Ref. 4201) (red stripes usually broader for Taiwan and Japan specimens); lateral line scales for northern Philippines, Taiwan and Japan specimens 44-49; 5 oblique rows of scales on cheek; body depth 2.8-3.1 in SL; head length 2.8-3.1 in SL; short snout, 3.65-4.15 in head length; interorbital width 4.3-4.65 in head length; maxilla extending from below front of pupil to below center of eye, upper jaw length 2.6-2.9 in head length; premaxillary groove reaching about a vertical at anterior edge of orbit; rounded anterior end of nasal bone; edge of small nasal fossa without spine; median edge of nasal bone (premaxillary groove margin) without spinule; upper edge of suborbital bones below the eye weakly serrated and without lateral spine; short preopercular spine, about 1/3 orbit diameter, 5.5-8.2 in head diameter; 4th or 5th longest dorsal spines, 1.7-2.2 in head length; third anal spine long, 1.15-1.4 in head length (Ref. 27370).
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Ecology

Habitat

Environment

reef-associated; marine; depth range 5 - 70 m (Ref. 9710), usually 16 - ? m (Ref. 9710)
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Depth range based on 27 specimens in 2 taxa.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 21 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 1 - 57.9
  Temperature range (°C): 25.335 - 29.061
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.019 - 0.498
  Salinity (PPS): 33.507 - 35.376
  Oxygen (ml/l): 4.444 - 4.764
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.103 - 0.284
  Silicate (umol/l): 0.888 - 4.892

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 1 - 57.9

Temperature range (°C): 25.335 - 29.061

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.019 - 0.498

Salinity (PPS): 33.507 - 35.376

Oxygen (ml/l): 4.444 - 4.764

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.103 - 0.284

Silicate (umol/l): 0.888 - 4.892
 
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Depth: 5 - 70m.
From 5 to 70 meters.

Habitat: reef-associated.
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Trophic Strategy

Inhabits rocky and coral reefs (Ref. 9137). A nocturnal species that feeds mainly on benthic crabs and shrimps (Ref. 27370).
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Sargocentron ittodai

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


There is 1 barcode sequence available from BOLD and GenBank.

Below is the sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species.

See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen.

Other sequences that do not yet meet barcode criteria may also be available.

CTTTATTTAGTATTTGGTGCCTGAGCTGGAATAGTTGGCACAGCCCTT---AGCCTTCTTATTCGAGCTGAACTTAGCCAGCCCGGAGCCCTTCTGGGAGAC---GACCAGATTTATAATGTCATTGTTACAGCACATGCATTTGTAATAATTTTCTTTATAGTAATACCAATTATGATTGGAGGCTTCGGGAACTGATTAATTCCTCTAATG---ATCGGTGCCCCTGACATGGCATTCCCCCGAATGAACAACATAAGCTTCTGACTCCTCCCTCCCTCATTCCTACTTCTACTAGCTTCTTCCGGAGTTGAAGCTGGTGCCGGAACAGGATGAACGGTATATCCACCCCTGGCAGGCAACCTAGCACACGCAGGAGCTTCTGTCGACCTA---ACTATTTTCTCACTTCACCTAGCAGGGATTTCCTCAATCCTGGGGGCCATTAATTTTATTACAACAATTATTAACATGAAACCTCCTGCCATTTCCCAATATCAAACACCCCTATTTGTATGAGCTGTCCTAATTACAGCAGTACTTCTCCTCCTCTCCCTACCAGTACTCGCAGCA---GGCATTACTATACTACTAACAGACCGAAACCTAAATACAACATTCTTCGACCCAGCAGGAGGTGGAGACCCAATTCTTTATCAACACCTA
-- end --

Download FASTA File

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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Sargocentron ittodai

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 1
Specimens with Barcodes: 11
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
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