Overview

Comprehensive Description

Lepidorhombus boscii (Risso, 1810)

Sea of Marmara : 23900-471 (2 spc.), 08.06.1991 , Offshore of Mimarsinan , trammel net , 162 m, N. Meriç , L. Eryilmaz ; 23900-466 (1 spc.), 08.06.1991 , Offshore of Mimarsinan , trammel net , 162 m, N. Meriç , L. Eryilmaz .

  • Nurettin Meriç, Lütfiye Eryilmaz, Müfit Özulug (2007): A catalogue of the fishes held in the Istanbul University, Science Faculty, Hydrobiology Museum. Zootaxa 1472, 29-54: 52-52, URL:http://www.zoobank.org/urn:lsid:zoobank.org:pub:428F3980-C1B8-45FF-812E-0F4847AF6786
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Biology

Inhabits soft bottoms (Ref. 6501).
  • Nielsen, J.G. 1990 Scophthalmidae. p. 1026. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 6501)
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Distribution

Mediterranean Sea, eastern Atlantic: British Isles to Western Sahara.
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Northeast Atlantic: British Isles south to Cape Bojador, West Sahara and the Mediterranean.
  • Nielsen, J.G. 1990 Scophthalmidae. p. 1026. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 6501)
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Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 79 - 86; Analsoft rays: 65 - 69
  • Whitehead, P.J.P., M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) 1986 Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. UNESCO, Paris. Vols. I-III:1473 p.
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Size

Max. size

40.0 cm SL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 4703))
  • Nielsen, J.G. 1986 Scophthalmidae. p. 1287-1293. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 3. (Ref. 4703)
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Diagnostic Description

Dorsal fin origin closer to tip of snout than to anterior edge of eye. Dorsal and anal fins terminate just a little on the blind side of the caudal peduncle. Lateral line forms a distinct curve above the pectoral fin.
  • Whitehead, P.J.P., M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) 1986 Fishes of the North-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean. UNESCO, Paris. Vols. I-III:1473 p.
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Ecology

Habitat

Known from seamounts and knolls
  • Stocks, K. 2009. Seamounts Online: an online information system for seamount biology. Version 2009-1. World Wide Web electronic publication.
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Environment

demersal; marine; depth range 7 - 800 m (Ref. 6501)
  • Nielsen, J.G. 1990 Scophthalmidae. p. 1026. In J.C. Quero, J.C. Hureau, C. Karrer, A. Post and L. Saldanha (eds.) Check-list of the fishes of the eastern tropical Atlantic (CLOFETA). JNICT, Lisbon; SEI, Paris; and UNESCO, Paris. Vol. 2. (Ref. 6501)
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Depth range based on 2422 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 1534 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): -9 - 785
  Temperature range (°C): 8.306 - 14.733
  Nitrate (umol/L): 2.233 - 13.941
  Salinity (PPS): 35.045 - 38.661
  Oxygen (ml/l): 4.163 - 6.226
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.113 - 0.880
  Silicate (umol/l): 1.843 - 7.101

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): -9 - 785

Temperature range (°C): 8.306 - 14.733

Nitrate (umol/L): 2.233 - 13.941

Salinity (PPS): 35.045 - 38.661

Oxygen (ml/l): 4.163 - 6.226

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.113 - 0.880

Silicate (umol/l): 1.843 - 7.101
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Lepidorhombus boscii

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


There are 7 barcode sequences available from BOLD and GenBank.

Below is a sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species.

See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen and other sequences.

ACCCTATACCTTATCTTCGGAGCCTGGGCCGGAATAGTCGGCACAGGCCTG---AGTCTACTAATTCGCGCCGAACTCAGCCAGCCAGGGGCCCTCCTCGGCGAT---GATCAAATCTATAATGTGATTGTAACAGCACATGCCTTCGTAATGATTTTCTTTATAGTTATGCCCGTCATGATTGGAGGCTTCGGTAACTGGCTTATCCCCCTTATG---CTCGGGGCTCCCGATATAGCATTTCCACGGATAAACAATATGAGCTTTTGGCTCTTACCCCCTTCTTTCCTTCTCCTCCTGGCCTCCTCTGGCGTAGAAGCCGGGGCAGGGACTGGGTGAACCGTCTACCCCCCTTTAGCGGGAAACCTCGCCCATGCCGGAGCGTCTGTCGACCTA---ACCATTTTTTCTTTACACTTAGCGGGAATTTCCTCTATTTTAGGAGCTATTAACTTCATTACAACTATCATTAACATAAAACCTACAACTGTTTCCATGTACCAGATTCCACTATTCGTCTGAGCAGTTCTTATCACAGCTGTGCTTCTTCTGCTGTCCCTACCAGTCTTAGCTGCT---GGAATCACAATGCTACTCACCGACCGTAACCTAAATACCGCCTTCTTTGACCCTGCGGGGGGAGGAGACCCCATTTTGTTTCAACACCTG------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------TTC
-- end --

Download FASTA File

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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Lepidorhombus boscii

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 16
Specimens with Barcodes: 18
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
  • IUCN 2006 2006 IUCN red list of threatened species. www.iucnredlist.org. Downloaded July 2006.
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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Importance

fisheries: minor commercial; price category: very high; price reliability: reliable: based on ex-vessel price for this species
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Wikipedia

Lepidorhombus boscii

The four-spot megrim (Lepidorhombus boscii) is a species of flatfish in the Scophthalmidae family. It is found a depths between 7 and 800 m (23 and 2,625 ft) in the northeast Atlantic and Mediterranean.[1] It can be separated from its close relative, the megrim or whiff (L. whiffiagonis), by the dark spots towards the rear of the fins. It reaches a length of 40 cm (16 in).[1]

In Spanish it is known as gallo de cuatro manchas, (or more often, simply gallo) sometimes (depending on the region or city) ojito, rapante, La palaia bruixa de quatre taques, serrandell or llisèria, and in France as cardine à quatre taches

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2014). "Lepidorhombus boscii" in FishBase. May 2014 version.


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