IUCN threat status:

Least Concern (LC)

Comprehensive Description

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Description

  Common names: salema (English), salema (Espanol), chula (Espanol)
 
Xenistius californiensis (Steindachner, 1876)


California salema



Elongate, compressed; head conical, compressed; eyes large; chin with 2 pairs of pores, rear pores larger, well separated, not in a hole; mouth short, oblique, lower jaw projecting; teeth minute, in bands on jaws, on roof of mouth; dorsal fin - spiny and soft parts almost separate, XII spines, 12-14 rays, soft fin with shorter base than spiny fin; tail shallowly forked; anal - III small spines, 11-12 rays; soft part similar in size and form to soft dorsal; lateral- line scales 50-55.



Silvery with 6-7 orange-brown stripes on side; only 3-4 stripes on upper half of body evident in small specimens.

Size: reaches 30 cm.

Habitat: forms large schools around piers and on weed- covered rocky reefs.


Depth: 0-33 m.


Southern California to the Gulf of California to Peru.


   

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© Shorefishes of the tropical eastern Pacific online information system. www.stri.org/sftep

Source: Shorefishes of the Tropical Eastern Pacific Online Information System

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