| Common names: angelshark (English), angelote (Espanol) |
Squatina armata (Phillipi, 1887)
South Pacific angel shark
Front half of body and head (including pectoral and pelvic fins) roughly diamond shaped and greatly flattened; with a distinct neck between the pectorals; head oval, relatively narrow behind; distance between nostrils distinctly less than that between eyes; nostril barbell narrow, notched and convex; eyes relatively small (6.3 times in space between them) on top of head, with prominent spiracles behind them; mouth at front; pectoral and pelvic fins greatly enlarged; dorsal fins small, about equal sized, situated near tail fin; lower lobe of tail larger; denticles on lower surface almost entirely covering the pectoral and pelvic fins, with a transverse band on chest, a large patch on the abdomen and almost entirely covering the underside of the tail. Holotype with heavy thorns on snout, between eyes and spiracles; a double row of large hooked thorns down midback and between dorsal fins; large thorns on front edge of pectorals.
Grey to grey-brown, mottled and blotched with olive; irregular dusky areas on tail and dorsal fins; lower surface white.
Reaches 113 cm.
On sandy bottoms.
Depth range 3-200m.
A basically temperate species that ranges from Costa Rica to Chile.
Global Endemism: All species, East Pacific endemic, TEP non-endemic
Regional Endemism: All species, Tropical Eastern Pacific (TEP) non-endemic, Temperate Eastern Pacific, primarily, Peruvian province, primarily, Continent, Continent only
Climate Zone: Equatorial (Costa Rica to Ecuador + Galapagos, Clipperton, Cocos, Malpelo), South Temperate (Peruvian Province )
Inshore/Offshore: Inshore, Inshore Only
Water Column Position: Bottom, Bottom only
Habitat: Reef associated (reef + edges-water column & soft bottom), Soft bottom (mud, sand,gravel, beach, estuary & mangrove), Soft bottom only, Mud, Sand & gravel
FishBase Habitat: Demersal
Habitat and Ecology
Depth range (m): 67.5 - 197
Depth range (m): 67.5 - 197
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.
Diet: octopus/squid/cuttlefish, bony fishes
Life History and Behavior
CITES: Not listed
IUCN Red List Assessment
Red List Category
Red List Criteria
Information is not available from other countries.
The Chilean angelshark (Squatina armata) is an angel shark of the family Squatinidae found in the subtropical waters of Chile, that grows up to 1.03 metres (3 ft 5 in) in length. The holotype is lost. Reproduction is ovoviviparous.
- Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2006). "Squatina armata" in FishBase. July 2006 version.
- Compagno, Dando, & Fowler, Sharks of the World, Princeton University Press, New Jersey 2005 ISBN 978-0-691-12072-0