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Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Rare species (Ref. 4319). Found on steep seaward reefs (Ref. 9710). Museum specimens are lacking. Minimum depth range reported taken from Ref. 30874.
  • Heemstra, P.C. and J.E. Randall 1993 FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 16. Groupers of the world (family Serranidae, subfamily Epinephelinae). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the grouper, rockcod, hind, coral grouper and lyretail species known to date. Rome: FAO. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(16):382 p. (Ref. 5222)   http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=5222&speccode=12 External link.
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Distribution

Range Description

General
Cephalopholis aurantia is an Indo-Pacific species found around the islands of the western Indian Ocean to Japan and the central Pacific, except for a single specimen caught off the coast of Natal (South Africa). Heemstra and Randall (1993) know of no confirmed records from other continental localities of East Africa, but there is one unconfirmed record from Mozambique (Fennessy pers. comm.). The East African record of Cephalopholis aurantia reported by Morgans (1982) is a misidentification of Cephalopholis nigripinnis.

Specific
American Samoa, China, South China Sea (Spratlys), Taiwan, Christmas Island, Cook Islands, Djibouti, Fiji, French Polynesia (Tahiti, Society Islands, Tuamotu Islands), Guam, India (Lakshadweep), Indonesia (Bali, Lesser Sunda Islands, Moluccas, Papua, Sulawesi, Sumatra), Japan (Ryukyu Islands), Madagascar, Maldives, Marshall Islands, Mauritius (Rodrígues), Micronesia, Mozambique, New Caledonia (not in Loyalty Islands), Northern Mariana Islands, Palau, Papua New Guienea, Philippines, Pitcairn, Réunion, Samoa, Seychelles, Solomon Islands, South Africa (KwaZulu-Natal), Thailand (not shown in map), Tonga, Tuvalu.

The species is also recorded around Howland Island in the Pacific (B. Mundy pers. comm.). Australian records are based on misidentification of C. spiloparea (Hoese et al. 2006). There are no records of the species from Line or Phoenix Islands (Kiribati), Australia (Hoese et al. 2006), or Raja Ampat (Indonesia), and its occurrence in Malaysia is questionable.
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Indo-West Pacific: South Africa, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Marshall Islands and Pitcairn Group, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to Western Australia, Queensland (Australia), New Caledonia and Rapa.
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Indo-Pacific: islands of the western Indian Ocean to Japan and the central Pacific. Except for a single specimen caught off the coast of Natal, South Africa, Heemstra and Randall 1993 know of no confirmed records from other continental localities of East Africa. Cephalopholis aurantia from east Africa reported by Morgans 1982 (Ref. 6448) is a misidentification of Cephalopholis nigripinnis.
  • Heemstra, P.C. and J.E. Randall 1993 FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 16. Groupers of the world (family Serranidae, subfamily Epinephelinae). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the grouper, rockcod, hind, coral grouper and lyretail species known to date. Rome: FAO. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(16):382 p. (Ref. 5222)   http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=5222&speccode=12 External link.
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Indo-West Pacific: South Africa, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Marshall Islands and Pitcairn Group, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to Western Australia, Queensland (Australia), New Caledonia and Rapa.
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Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal spines (total): 9; Dorsal soft rays (total): 14 - 16; Analspines: 3; Analsoft rays: 8 - 9
  • Heemstra, P.C. and J.E. Randall 1993 FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 16. Groupers of the world (family Serranidae, subfamily Epinephelinae). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the grouper, rockcod, hind, coral grouper and lyretail species known to date. Rome: FAO. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(16):382 p. (Ref. 5222)   http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=5222&speccode=12 External link.
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Size

Maximum size: 600 mm TL
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Max. size

60.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 4319))
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Diagnostic Description

Description

A deep-water species usually caught in depths over 100 m. Specimens are rare in museums.
  • Anon. (1996). FishBase 96 [CD-ROM]. ICLARM: Los Baños, Philippines. 1 cd-rom pp.
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Pale orange-red to orange-yellow or golden with red or yellow dots on head, anterodorsally on body, and on base of dorsal fin. Posterior margin of caudal fin with a pale blue edge and black submarginal line; posterior parts of dorsal and anal fins often with a narrow pale blue edge.
  • Heemstra, P.C. and J.E. Randall 1993 FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 16. Groupers of the world (family Serranidae, subfamily Epinephelinae). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the grouper, rockcod, hind, coral grouper and lyretail species known to date. Rome: FAO. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(16):382 p. (Ref. 5222)   http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=5222&speccode=12 External link.
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Type Information

Type for Cephalopholis obtusauris
Catalog Number: USNM 55910
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Collector(s): C. Pierson
Locality: Philippines: Luzon, Sorsogon, Bacon, Luzon, Sorsogon, Philippines, Pacific
  • Type:
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
Cephalopholis aurantia is a reef-associated species found on steep seaward reefs, usually at depths of 100 to 250 m, but can occur in shallower water. Museum specimens are lacking. The recorded maximum size of 60 cm TL is probably an exaggeration (Heemstra and Randall 1993).

Systems
  • Marine
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Environment

reef-associated; non-migratory; marine; depth range 20 - 250 m (Ref. 9710), usually 100 - 250 m (Ref. 9710)
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Depth range based on 4 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 1 sample.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 4.5 - 55
  Temperature range (°C): 28.310 - 28.310
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.288 - 0.288
  Salinity (PPS): 33.532 - 33.532
  Oxygen (ml/l): 4.509 - 4.509
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.222 - 0.222
  Silicate (umol/l): 1.491 - 1.491

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 4.5 - 55
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Depth: 20 - 250m.
From 20 to 250 meters.

Habitat: demersal.
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Trophic Strategy

Found on steep seaward reefs (Ref. 9710) and coral reefs (Ref. 9137).
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Cephalopholis aurantia

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 0
Specimens with Barcodes: 4
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
DD
Data Deficient

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2008

Assessor/s
Liu, M. & Heemstra, P.C.

Reviewer/s
Sadovy, Y. & Moss, K. (Grouper and Wrasse Red List Authority)

Contributor/s

Justification
Cephalopholis aurantia is considered Data Deficient. Because of its small size (max. 30 cm TL) and occurrence in moderately deep water (20 to 250 m), the species is of little commercial importance as a food fish (Heemstra and Randall 1993) and potentially of Least Concern.
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Population

Population
Cephalopholis aurantia is a poorly known deep-water grouper, with no fisheries statistics available.

Population Trend
Unknown
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Threats

Major Threats
The threats to Cephalopholis aurantia are unknown and the species is too small to be threatened by commercial fisheries. It may, however, be taken by some small-scale commercial or artisinal fishers.
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Data deficient (DD)
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
Cephalopholis aurantia is likely to occur in some marine protected areas, but no specific measures are in place for the species.
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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Importance

fisheries: minor commercial; price category: very high; price reliability: very questionable: based on ex-vessel price for species in this family
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