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Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Found in coastal waters (Ref. 30573). Forms schools. Feeds on zooplankton and phytoplankton (Ref. 30573). Marketed fresh, dried, dried-salted, and made into fish balls.
  • Whitehead, P.J.P. 1985 FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (suborder Clupeioidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/1):1-303. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 188)   http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=188&speccode=24 External link.
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Distribution

Range Description

Sardinella albella is an Indo-West Pacific sardine, distributed from the Red Sea, the Persian Gulf, East African coast and Madagascar, eastwards to Indonesia, the Gulf of Thailand, and the Philippines, north to Taiwan, and south to Papua New Guinea and northern Australia.
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Indo-West Pacific: Red Sea, Persian Gulf, East African coasts, Madagascar eastward to Indonesia and the Arafura Sea (Ref. 9819), north to Taiwan and south to Papua New Guinea.
  • Whitehead, P.J.P. 1985 FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (suborder Clupeioidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/1):1-303. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 188)   http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=188&speccode=24 External link.
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Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa east to New Guinea, north to Taiwan, south to northern Australia.
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Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 13 - 21; Analspines: 0; Analsoft rays: 12 - 23
  • Whitehead, P.J.P. 1985 FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (suborder Clupeioidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/1):1-303. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 188)   http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=188&speccode=24 External link.
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Size

Maximum size: 140 mm SL
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Max. size

14.0 cm SL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 188))
  • Whitehead, P.J.P. 1985 FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (suborder Clupeioidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/1):1-303. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 188)   http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=188&speccode=24 External link.
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Diagnostic Description

Description

Forms schools. Marketed fresh, dried, dried-salted, and made into fish balls.
  • Anon. (1996). FishBase 96 [CD-ROM]. ICLARM: Los Baños, Philippines. 1 cd-rom pp.
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Body somewhat compressed but variable, from slender to moderately deep; total number of scutes 29 to 33. Vertical striae on scales not meeting at center, hind part of scales with a few perforations and somewhat produced posteriorly. A dark spot at dorsal fin origin. Lower gill rakers 41 to 68 (at 4 to 15 cm standard length, increasing a little with size of fish).
  • Whitehead, P.J.P. 1985 FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (suborder Clupeioidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/1):1-303. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 188)   http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=188&speccode=24 External link.
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
The sardine, Sardinella albella, is a coastal pelagic species that has a depth range of 0–50 m. It is a schooling species that feeds on zooplankton and phytoplankton. Sardinella albella has also been found in mangrove forests in Queensland, Australia (Robertson and Duke 1990).

Systems
  • Marine
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Environment

reef-associated; marine; depth range 0 - 50 m (Ref. 188)
  • Whitehead, P.J.P. 1985 FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (suborder Clupeioidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/1):1-303. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 188)   http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=188&speccode=24 External link.
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Depth range based on 25 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 7 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 0.9 - 50
  Temperature range (°C): 26.619 - 28.013
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.137 - 0.409
  Salinity (PPS): 34.233 - 34.682
  Oxygen (ml/l): 4.294 - 4.628
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.078 - 0.251
  Silicate (umol/l): 2.277 - 3.842

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 0.9 - 50

Temperature range (°C): 26.619 - 28.013

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.137 - 0.409

Salinity (PPS): 34.233 - 34.682

Oxygen (ml/l): 4.294 - 4.628

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.078 - 0.251

Silicate (umol/l): 2.277 - 3.842
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Trophic Strategy

Found in coastal waters. Forms schools. Feeds on zooplankton and phytoplankton.
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Diseases and Parasites

Anisakis Disease (juvenile). Parasitic infestations (protozoa, worms, etc.)
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Sardinella albella

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 5
Specimens with Barcodes: 13
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Barcode data: Sardinella albella

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


There are 5 barcode sequences available from BOLD and GenBank.  Below is a sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species.  See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen and other sequences.

CTATATCTAGTATTCGGTGCTTGAGCAGGAATAGAAGGAACTGCCCTA---AGTCTCCTAATTCGAGCGGAGCTGATCCAACCTGGGGCACTCCTTGGAGAC---GATCAAATCTACAATGTTATCGTTACGGCGCATGCCTTCGTAATGATTTTCTTCATAGTAATGCCAATCCTAATTGGAGGATTCGGAAACTGACTTGTCCCCCTAATG---ATCGGGGCACCGGACATGGCATTCCCACGAATGAATAACATGAGCTTCTGACTTCTGCCCCCCTCCTTCCTGCTTCTCCTGGCCTCCTCAGGAGTAGAAGCCGGGGCCGGAACCGGGTGAACAGTTTACCCTCCCCTAGCGGGCAACTTAGCCCACGCAGGGGCATCCGTGGACCTC---ACTATTTTCTCCCTCCACCTAGCAGGTATTTCATCAATTCTTGGGGCAATTTATTTCATTACCACAATTATTAACATGAAACCTCCCGCAATCTCACAGTACCAAACACCTCTATTCGTTTGAGCTGTCCTTGTAACCGCTGTCCTCCTCCTTCTTTCCCTACCAGTTCTGGCCGCC---GGAATCACCATGCTCCTTACGGATCGAAATCTAAATACAACTTTCTTCGACCCGGCAGGTGGAGGGGACCCCATCCTTTACCAACACCTA------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------TTC
-- end --

Download FASTA File
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
LC
Least Concern

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2010

Assessor/s
Priede, I.G.

Reviewer/s
Collen, B., Richman, N., Beresford, A., Chenery, A. & Ram, M.

Contributor/s
De Silva, R., Milligan, H., Lutz, M., Batchelor, A., Jopling, B., Kemp, K., Lewis, S., Lintott, P., Sears, J., Wilson, P. & Smith, J. and Livingston, F.

Justification
Sardinella albella has been assessed as Least Concern. This species has a broad distribution and is reported to be thriving in areas of its range. Although this species is of commercial importance, it is not harvested throughout its entire broad distribution. This species is also reported to be taken as by-catch by other commercial fisheries, but this is also only a localised threat, and is therefore unlikely to be causing significant population declines. Monitoring of the harvest levels and extent of harvest is recommended, to ensure these threats do not become more widespread in the future.
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Population

Population
Samonte et al. (2000) state that Sardinella albella is 'thriving' in Philippine waters, along with other Sardinella species. Despite being highly adapted to highly productive ocean situations, sardines have been found to experience improved reproduction during El Nino years (Bakun and Broad 2003).

Population Trend
Unknown
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Threats

Major Threats
Sardinella albella is of commercial importance along the western coast of India, and is caught mainly with purse seines, lift nets, and set nets (FAO 1999). This species is marketed fresh, dried, dried-salted, and made into fish balls. This species is also one of the dominant species harvested by the artisanal fisheries of Mozambique (Lopes and Gervasio 1999). In northern Australia, Sardinella albella is also taken as by-catch in tropical demersal trawls targeting prawn species (Salini et al. 2001).
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Least Concern (LC)
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
There are no species-specific conservation measures in place for Sardinella albella. However, its distribution may coincide with numerous marine protected areas. Monitoring of the harvest levels and extent of harvest of this species is recommended.
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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Importance

fisheries: commercial
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Wikipedia

White Sardinella

White Sardinella (Sardinella albella) is a species of ray-finned fish in the genus Sardinella.

Footnotes

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