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Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Inhabits coral reefs, including sheltered lagoons and outer reefs (Ref. 30573). Usually found singly, often adjacent to steep outer reef slopes, but occasionally found in groups (Ref. 9710). Feeds mainly on fishes, but also takes shrimps, crabs, amphipods, stomatopods, gastropods and urochordates. Large fish from oceanic areas in the western Pacific are often ciguatoxic, e.g., in Tuvalu (Ref. 9513). Utilized fresh and dried-salted (Ref. 9987). In Hong Kong live fish markets (Ref. 27253).
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Distribution

Indo-Pacific: East Africa to the Marquesas and Line islands, north to the Ryukyu Islands, south to Australia. More common around oceanic islands than in continental areas.
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Red Sea, Indo-West Pacific: East Africa, Seychelles, Madagascar and Mascarenes east to Kiribati (Line Islands) and Pitcairn Group, north to Ryukyu Islands, south to off northern Western Australia, Lord Howe Island and Austral Islands.
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Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal spines (total): 10; Dorsal soft rays (total): 13 - 14; Analspines: 3; Analsoft rays: 8
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Size

Maximum size: 900 mm TL
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Max. size

90.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 9987)); max. published weight: 12.5 kg (Ref. 4699); max. reported age: 55 years (Ref. 72420)
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Diagnostic Description

Description

Inhabits coral reefs, including sheltered lagoons and outer reefs. Usually found solitarily, often adjacent to steep outer reef slopes. Feeds mainly on fishes, but also takes shrimps, crabs, amphipods, stomatopods, gastropods and urochordates. Large fish from oceanic areas in the western Pacific are often ciguatoxic, e.g. in Tuvalu (Ref. 9513). Utilized fresh and dried-salted (Re. 9987). Reported to grow up 90 cm in length (Ref. 9987). The young have been repported to mimic certain damselfishes of the genus Chromis, such as C. ternatensis (Bleeker) and thereby get closer to their prey <307>.
  • Anon. (1996). FishBase 96 [CD-ROM]. ICLARM: Los Baños, Philippines. 1 cd-rom pp.
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Snout somewhat pointed. Dorsal profile of head rounded. Preorbital bone relatively broad; its width usually greater than eye diameter. A deep groove or pit runs from the nostrils to the front of the eye. Preopercular notch and knob moderately developed. Scale rows on back rising obliquely above lateral line. Young and some adults with two silvery-white spots on back. Large adults mostly plain red (Ref. 48635).
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Ecology

Habitat

Environment

reef-associated; marine; depth range 4 - 180 m (Ref. 37816), usually 10 - 70 m (Ref. 30573)
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Depth range based on 162 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 146 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 0.5 - 503
  Temperature range (°C): 9.095 - 28.954
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.047 - 29.200
  Salinity (PPS): 32.279 - 35.312
  Oxygen (ml/l): 2.437 - 4.727
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.100 - 2.047
  Silicate (umol/l): 0.567 - 36.497

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 0.5 - 503

Temperature range (°C): 9.095 - 28.954

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.047 - 29.200

Salinity (PPS): 32.279 - 35.312

Oxygen (ml/l): 2.437 - 4.727

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.100 - 2.047

Silicate (umol/l): 0.567 - 36.497
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Depth: 1 - 180m.
From 1 to 180 meters.

Habitat: reef-associated. Twinspot snapper.  (Forsskal, 1775)  Attains 80 cm. Found on coral-reefs to at least 70 metres Red Sea and tropical Indo-West Pacific south to Durban.
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Trophic Strategy

Occurs inshore (Ref. 75154). Inhabits coral reefs, including sheltered lagoons and outer reefs (Ref. 30573, 58652). Usually found singly, often adjacent to steep outer reef slopes, but occasionally found in groups (Ref. 9710). Feeds mainly on fishes, but also takes shrimps, crabs, amphipods, stomatopods, gastropods and urochordates. Large fish from oceanic areas in the western Pacific are often ciguatoxic, e.g., in Tuvalu (Ref. 9513).
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Diseases and Parasites

Stephanostomum Infestation. Parasitic infestations (protozoa, worms, etc.)
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Lutjanus bohar

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 8
Specimens with Barcodes: 27
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Barcode data: Lutjanus bohar

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


There are 7 barcode sequences available from BOLD and GenBank.  Below is a sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species.  See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen and other sequences.

TTCGGTGCTTGAGCCGGTATAGTAGGCACGGCCCTA---AGCCTGCTCATTCGAGCAGAGCTAAGCCAACCAGGAGCCCTTCTTGGAGAC---GACCAGATTTATAATGTAATTGTTACAGCACATGCCTTTGTAATAATTTTCTTTATAGTAATGCCAATCATGATTGGAGGATTCGGAAACTGACTGATCCCATTAATG---ATCGGAGCCCCCGACATGGCATTCCCCCGAATGAATAATATGAGCTTTTGACTCCTTCCCCCATCCTTCCTACTACTACTCGCCTCATCTGGAGTAGAAGCCGGTGCCGGAACAGGGTGAACAGTTTACCCTCCCTTAGCAGGAAACCTAGCACACGCAGGAGCGTCTGTTGACCTA---ACCATTTTCTCCCTCCACTTAGCGGGTGTTTCTTCAATTCTAGGGGCCATCAACTTTATTACAACGATCATCAACATGAAACCTCCTGCCATCTCACAATATCAAACACCACTATTCGTTTGAGCCGTCCTAATCACTGCTGTTCTGCTTCTTCTGTCCCTTCCTGTACTAGCTGCC---GGAATTACAATGCTCCTTACAGATCGAAATCTAAACACCACCTTCTTCGACCCAGCCGGAGGAGGAGACCCAATCCTTTATCAACACCTATTCTGATTCTTTGG
-- end --

Download FASTA File
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Genomic DNA is available from 9 specimens with morphological vouchers housed at National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research, Auckland and National Institute of Water and Atmospheric Research, Wellington
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Importance

fisheries: commercial; gamefish: yes
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Wikipedia

Two-spot red snapper

Lutjanus bohar, the two-spot red snapper, is a species of snapper native to the Indian Ocean from the African coast to the western Pacific Ocean. It is a coral reef inhabitant, being found at depths of from 4 to 180 metres (13 to 590 ft) though usually between 10 and 70 metres (33 and 230 ft). Adult snappers often form large schools on the outer reefs or above sandy areas, mainly to form spawning aggregations. It can reach a length of 90 centimetres (35 in) TL though most do not exceed 76 centimetres (30 in) SL. The greatest recorded weight for this species is 12.5 kilograms (28 lb). Juveniles and some adults have two white spots on their dorsal fins while larger adults lose the spots and become mostly red. This species is a commercially important species and is also sought after as a game fish. It is also known as the red bass, twinspot snapper or Bohar snapper.[1]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2013). "Lutjanus bohar" in FishBase. December 2013 version.
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