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Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Occurs in schools at or near the surface in coastal waters. Feeds on plankton, especially diatoms (filter-feeding). Breeds mainly from June to November, from a length of about 10 cm. Eggs and larvae are planktonic (Ref. 52017). Mainly used for fishmeal.
  • Whitehead, P.J.P. 1985 FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (suborder Clupeioidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/1):1-303. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 188)   http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=188&speccode=24 External link.
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Distribution

Southeast Pacific: Coquimbo, Valparaiso and south to Talcahuano, Chile; perhaps reaches further south to Mocha Island, but more southerly records may refer to Sprattus fuegensis. Subspecies have been noted (Ref. 6698): Strangomera bentincki bentincki (Talcahuano southward) and Strangomera bentincki cuga (Valparaiso to Talcahuano).
  • Whitehead, P.J.P. 1985 FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (suborder Clupeioidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/1):1-303. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 188)   http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=188&speccode=24 External link.
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Southeastern Pacific.
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Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal spines (total): 0; Dorsal soft rays (total): 13 - 21; Analspines: 0; Analsoft rays: 12 - 23
  • Whitehead, P.J.P. 1985 FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (suborder Clupeioidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/1):1-303. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 188)   http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=188&speccode=24 External link.
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Size

Max. size

28.4 cm SL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 27363))
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Diagnostic Description

Belly not strongly keeled (Ref. 188). Body dark blue dorsally and silvery white ventrally. Fins translucent (Ref. 27363).
  • Whitehead, P.J.P. 1985 FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (suborder Clupeioidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/1):1-303. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 188)   http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=188&speccode=24 External link.
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Type Information

Paratype for Clupea bentincki
Catalog Number: USNM 103779
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Locality: Concepcion, Bahia De Talcahuano, Chile, Chile, Pacific
  • Paratype:
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Ecology

Habitat

Environment

pelagic-neritic; marine; depth range 0 - 70 m (Ref. 54915)
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Depth range based on 1 specimen in 1 taxon.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 27 - 27
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Trophic Strategy

Schooling at or near surface, occurring at 0 to 70 m. Occurs in schools at or near the surface in coastal waters. Feeds on plankton, especially diatoms (filter-feeding).
  • Whitehead, P.J.P. 1985 FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (suborder Clupeioidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/1):1-303. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 188)   http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=188&speccode=24 External link.
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Life History and Behavior

Life Cycle

Apparently releases planktonic eggs (similar to the demersal eggs of northern hemisphere Clupea).
  • Whitehead, P.J.P. 1985 FAO Species Catalogue. Vol. 7. Clupeoid fishes of the world (suborder Clupeioidei). An annotated and illustrated catalogue of the herrings, sardines, pilchards, sprats, shads, anchovies and wolf-herrings. FAO Fish. Synop. 125(7/1):1-303. Rome: FAO. (Ref. 188)   http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=188&speccode=24 External link.
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Clupea bentincki

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 0
Specimens with Barcodes: 6
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Importance

fisheries: highly commercial; price category: low; price reliability: reliable: based on ex-vessel price for this species
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Wikipedia

Araucanian herring

The Araucanian herring, Clupea bentincki, also known as the Chilean herring, is a fish species in the Clupea genus of the Clupeidae family.[1] It is an epipelagic fish, silvery below and dark blue above, which schools in coastal waters off the west coast of South America. There it filter feeds on smaller plankton such as diatoms. It reaches sexual maturity when it is about 10 centimetres long, and is a pelagic spawner, spawning between June and November.[2]

Fisheries

Global capture of Araucanian herring in tonnes reported by the FAO, 1950–2009[3]

The Araucanian herring is a commercial species, largely used for fishmeal.[3]Based on the FAO fishery statistics, it was the 12th most important capture fish species in 2009. All reported landings are from Chile.[4]

Notes

  1. ^ "Clupea bentincki". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. http://www.itis.gov/servlet/SingleRpt/SingleRpt?search_topic=TSN&search_value=615818. Retrieved April 2012.
  2. ^ Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2012). "Clupea bentincki" in FishBase. April 2012 version.
  3. ^ a b Clupea bentincki (Norman, 1936) FAO, Species Fact Sheet. Retrieved April 2012.
  4. ^ FAO (Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations) (2011). Yearbook of fishery and aquaculture statistics 2009. Capture production. Rome: FAO. p. 27, 221. ftp://ftp.fao.org/FI/CDrom/CD_yearbook_2009/root/capture/yearbook_capture.pdf.

References


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