Henochilus wheatlandii is a species of characin endemic to Brazil where native to the Mucuri and Doce River basins. It is a Critically Endangered species, and now restricted to the Santo Antônio River, a tributary of the Doce River. It is the only species in the genus Henochilus.
It is a critically endangered species, and was considered extinct for more than a century, until rediscovered in 1996. This species is known to feed on plants. The average length of an unsexed male is about 41.3 cm (16.3 in). They are known to be found in fresh water within a tropical climate.
- "Henochilus wheatlandii". Animal Diversity Web. Retrieved 3 March 2013.
- "Threatened fishes of the world: Henochilus wheatlandii Garman, 1890 (Characidae)". EBSCO Publishing. Retrieved 3 March 2013.
- "The Unique Karyotype of Henochilus wheatlandii, a Critically Endangered Fish Living in a Fast-Developing Region in Minas Gerais State, Brazil". PLOS one. Retrieved 3 March 2013.
- "Henochilus wheatlandii". Encyclopedia of Life. Retrieved 3 March 2013.
- "Henochilus wheatlandii". Fish Base. Retrieved 3 March 2013.
- Froese, Rainer and Pauly, Daniel, eds. (2011). "Henochilus wheatlandii" in FishBase. October 2011 version.
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