Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Occurs in shallow, clear water stream, about 50 - 80 cm deep, in the Cerrado region; sandy bottom with mud, dense aquatic vegetation (Ref. 72430).
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Distribution

South America: Upper Xingu River basin.
  • Lima, F.C.T., L.R. Malabarba, P.A. Buckup, J.F. Pezzi da Silva, R.P. Vari, A. Harold, R. Benine, O.T. Oyakawa, C.S. Pavanelli, N.A. Menezes, C.A.S. Lucena, M.C.S.L. Malabarba, Z.M.S. Lucena, R.E. Reis, F. Langeani, C. Moreira et al. … 2003 Genera Incertae Sedis in Characidae. p. 106-168. In R.E. Reis, S.O. Kullander and C.J. Ferraris, Jr. (eds.) Checklist of the Freshwater Fishes of South and Central America. Porto Alegre: EDIPUCRS, Brasil. (Ref. 38376)   http://www.fishbase.org/references/FBRefSummary.php?id=38376&speccode=10622 External link.
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Upper Xingu River basin, Brazil.
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Physical Description

Morphology

Analsoft rays: 20 - 23; Vertebrae: 23
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Size

Maximum size: 26.7 mm SL
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Max. size

2.7 cm SL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 27925))
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Diagnostic Description

This species is differentiated from its congeners in having the following characters: a dark golden to dark metallic green longitudinal band on the ventral half of body sides from the head to median caudal fin rays; lateral line scales 30-31; anal fin rays 20-23; maxillary teeth 3-7; dentary teeth 13-16 (Ref. 72430).Description: Dorsal fin rays ii,8,i; anal fin rays 20-23 (iii-iv, 17-20); pectoral fin rays i,9-10 pelvic fin rays i,6. Color in life: a longitudinal band on the vertical part of body sides, changing from dark golden to dark metallic green , continuous to a longitudinally elongate caudal spot, faintly reaching over the median caudal fin rays; this band is dorsally edged by a bright orange stripe from humeral region to caudal fin base; nostrils red, upper 3/4 of iris intense red, golden below; fins pale yellow, with 2 bright yellow spots on the base of each caudal fin lobe (Ref. 72430).
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Ecology

Habitat

Environment

benthopelagic; freshwater; depth range 0 - 1 m (Ref. 72430)
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
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