Overview

Comprehensive Description

Belone svetovidovi ZBK Collette & Parin, 1970

Aegean Sea : 8500-156 (1 spc.) ; 8500-661 (23 spa), 10.01.1991 , Front of Bueyuekmenderes River, Soeke , N. Meriç ; 8500-662 (13 spa), Front of Bueyuekmenderes River, Soeke , N. Meriç . Mediterranean Sea : 8500-668 (1 spc.), 29.04.2004 , Samandagi , beach seine , C. Dalyan .

  • Nurettin Meriç, Lütfiye Eryilmaz, Müfit Özulug (2007): A catalogue of the fishes held in the Istanbul University, Science Faculty, Hydrobiology Museum. Zootaxa 1472, 29-54: 40-40, URL:http://www.zoobank.org/urn:lsid:zoobank.org:pub:428F3980-C1B8-45FF-812E-0F4847AF6786
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Biology

Oviparous (Ref. 205). Eggs may be found attached to objects in the water by tendrils on the egg's surface (Ref. 205).
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Distribution

Eastern Atlantic: southern Ireland, Spain, Portugal including scattered records in the Mediterranean. Previously confused with Belone belone.
  • Collette, B.B. and N.V. Parin 1986 Belonidae. p. 604-609. In P.J.P. Whitehead, M.-L. Bauchot, J.-C. Hureau, J. Nielsen and E. Tortonese (eds.) Fishes of the north-eastern Atlantic and the Mediterranean, Volume 2. Unesco, Paris. (Ref. 5505)
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Mediterranean Sea, eastern Atlantic: Ireland to Portugal.
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Physical Description

Type Information

Paratype for Belone svetovidovi Collette & Parin, 1970
Catalog Number: USNM 203158
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Collector(s): Commercial Fisherman
Year Collected: 1967
Locality: Mediterranean Sea; Tunisia. Gabes Beach., Tunisia, Mediterranean Sea, Atlantic
  • Paratype: Collette, B. B. & Parin, N. V. 1970. Atlantide Report. No. 11: 21-23, figs. 1, 3; tables 2-4.
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Paratype for Belone svetovidovi Collette & Parin, 1970
Catalog Number: USNM 202717
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Year Collected: 1961
Locality: Rio Vigo, Galicia, Spain. From the Vigo Fish Market., Spain, Atlantic
  • Paratype: Collette, B. B. & Parin, N. V. 1970. Atlantide Report. No. 11: 21-23, figs. 1, 3; tables 2-4.
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Paratype for Belone svetovidovi Collette & Parin, 1970
Catalog Number: USNM 202616
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Collector(s): E. Tortonese
Year Collected: 1966
Locality: Italy, Genoa Bay; Comogli., Italy, Atlantic
  • Paratype: Collette, B. B. & Parin, N. V. 1970. Atlantide Report. No. 11: 21-23, figs. 1, 3; tables 2-4.
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Ecology

Habitat

Environment

pelagic-oceanic; marine
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
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Wikipedia

Short-beaked garfish

The Short-beaked garfish (Belone svetovidovi) is an uncommon species of needlefish in marine waters of the Eastern Atlantic ocean. It is a pelagic needlefish that is present in Ireland, Spain, Portugal, and the United Kingdom. It is possible Belone svetovidovi is thriving in the Mediterranean Sea as well. This species was thought to be the same as the Garfish (Belone belone) because they share the same waters. Belone svetovidovi matures at 30 cm (12 in) and can grow to a maximum of 65 cm (26 in) while Belone belone can be 95 cm (38 in). Like all needlefish, this one has an elongated body with beak-like jaws that are lined with razor sharp teeth. The Short-beaked garfishs' lower jaw is longer than the upper. Its' body is silvery like most needlefish and has a black stripe running across its' lateral line. The dorsal and anal fins are very close to the caudal peduncle. These fish are Oviparous. Eggs may be found attached to objects in the water by tendrils on the egg's surface. They are spherical eggs that are dispersed on the sea floor (demersal). There is not much known about this fish's feeding habits, or anything about this fish for that matter. It is likely it preys on small ocean going fish. It has been caught using mackerel before. Needlefish tend to be towards the surface so fish such as Atlantic Mackerel, European pilchard, Sand smelt etc would be preyed on. The Short-beaked garfish is likely distributed in these countries: Algeria, Cyprus, Israel, Lebanon, Turkey, Greece, Ireland, Italy, Portugal, Spain, and the United Kingdom.


References[edit]

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