Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

A rare species found on sandy, muddy, or rocky bottoms.
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Distribution

Western Central Atlantic: North Carolina (USA), Bahamas and northwest Florida to Campeche Bank (Yucatan).
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Western Atlantic.
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Physical Description

Size

Maximum size: 380 mm NG
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Max. size

38.0 cm TL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 9710))
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Diagnostic Description

Bright pattern of dark spots on the pale pectoral fins. Small mouth. Wide interorbital distance and a thick, massive head on which, in large specimens rests a small, knoblike rostrum, because the rostrum is characterized by ontogenetic allometry: very long in juveniles, very short in adults. Lateral line scale count: subopercular 7-8; cheek series usually 8 (Ref. 40824).
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Ecology

Habitat

Environment

reef-associated; marine; depth range 0 - 70 m (Ref. 9710)
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Depth range based on 28 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 8 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 0.3 - 68
  Temperature range (°C): 23.037 - 25.874
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.289 - 3.832
  Salinity (PPS): 35.556 - 36.318
  Oxygen (ml/l): 4.343 - 4.852
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.110 - 0.213
  Silicate (umol/l): 0.993 - 3.165

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 0.3 - 68

Temperature range (°C): 23.037 - 25.874

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.289 - 3.832

Salinity (PPS): 35.556 - 36.318

Oxygen (ml/l): 4.343 - 4.852

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.110 - 0.213

Silicate (umol/l): 0.993 - 3.165
 
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Depth: 0 - 70m.
Recorded at 70 meters.

Habitat: demersal.
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
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