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Overview

Comprehensive Description

Biology

Inhabits shallow rocky reefs (Ref. 42552); over rubble or rubble and sand bottom (Ref. 42181).
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Distribution

Indo-West Pacific: Japan, Philippines, South China Sea, Queensland (Australia), Seychelles, Somalia, and the Gulf of Aden.
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Indo-West Pacific.
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Physical Description

Morphology

Dorsal spines (total): 12; Dorsal soft rays (total): 9; Analspines: 3; Analsoft rays: 5; Vertebrae: 24
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Size

Max. size

6.3 cm SL (male/unsexed; (Ref. 42181))
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Diagnostic Description

With 33-37 vertical scale rows; 4 predorsal scales; a blunt head profile, eye protruded a little from the dorsal contour of head, no hump behind head; 2 spines on lachrymal overlying maxillary (1st spine forward and 2nd spine backward), broad postocular and tympanic spines and many small papillae on head (Ref. 10895). Interorbital ridges elevated posteriorly to join tip of tympanic spines; base of parietal spines not curving into occipital pit; first dorsal spine 1.6-1.9 in second spine (Ref 42181).
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Type Information

Type for Scorpaenopsis cotticeps
Catalog Number: USNM 98891
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Vertebrate Zoology, Division of Fishes
Preparation: Illustration
Year Collected: 1908
Locality: Tinakta Id. (N.), N. 82 Degrees W., 1.40 Miles; Sulu Archipelago, Tawi Tawi Group, Tinakta Island, Tawi Tawi Group, Tawitawi, Philippines, Sulu Archipelago, Sulu Sea, Pacific
Depth (m): 18 to 18
Vessel: Albatross
  • Type:
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Ecology

Habitat

Environment

demersal; marine; depth range 15 - 70 m (Ref. 42181)
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Depth range based on 13 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 8 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 10 - 78.665
  Temperature range (°C): 22.841 - 28.366
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.889 - 5.586
  Salinity (PPS): 34.072 - 35.470
  Oxygen (ml/l): 4.057 - 4.703
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.044 - 0.494
  Silicate (umol/l): 0.995 - 9.181

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 10 - 78.665

Temperature range (°C): 22.841 - 28.366

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.889 - 5.586

Salinity (PPS): 34.072 - 35.470

Oxygen (ml/l): 4.057 - 4.703

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.044 - 0.494

Silicate (umol/l): 0.995 - 9.181
 
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Conservation

Threats

Not Evaluated
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